who Am I ? Nepalese of Indian origin, or Indian of Nepalese origin or Bihari ??

July 13, 2006 at 5:01 pm 10 comments

BY- Ram Manohar

Who Am I ? Nepalese of Indian origin, or Indian of Nepalese origin or Bihari ?? Who is asking the question ? This becomes very important because this is also very important question. If a person asking this question is next to my house then the question can be very interesting. But the person asking is from far land then I can only say in one word “Nepalese of Maithil origin”. If the person is my neighbour then I would like to re-frame this question and wants to challenge them, if you have fire in the belly and you have guts then, search and prove it.

I opening declaring “I am Nepalese of Maithili Origin”. Let me talk about the Mithila. Word originated from Miti, a age old Saint, from whose name the kingdom Mithila was named. It is same Mithila where King Janak, father of Goddess Sita (Heroin of Hindu epic Ramayana), had their rule. The Mithila in the modern history is have good history from 10th century onward . It is the period when Maithili language was born, at the same time when other Indian subcontinent languages like Bangali, Hindi, Oriya, Gujraji, Marthi was evolving. Modern Mithila Kingdom had its presence as different names. Some time Mithila, Some time Tirhut, Some time Makwanpur and so on. The ancient geography of Mithila region stretched from Koshi river, to Ganga river to Himalaya to Braj bhumi. In the modern history of Nepal during Mallas dynasty, people were Maithili speaking, and most of the kings were writer too. Many of the literature of Maithili are today available in Maithili in library in Kathmandu. Makwanpur in its time was the most prosperous Kingdom of the region. Makwanpur had its origin even before the Nepal kingdom was born. King Prithivinarayan Shah (The founder of Nepal) was quite intelligent and married the Princeses, Sri Chautaria Maharani Indra Kumari Devi, of Makwanpur. The King at that time was Sri Sri Sri Maharaja Hemkarna Sen, Maharaja of Makwanpur. In this way Prithivinarayan Shah was able to integrate Mithila region, belonging to Makwanpur, to the modern Nepal. And with this integration, Sri Maharaja Hemkarna Sen, Maharaja of Makwanpur and Prithivinarayan Shah wrote a history whose undesirable consequences are seen today. Though Makwanpur was integrated in Nepal, its integration was just Geographical. The cultural and historical(past history) integration has never occured. People of Mithila Kingdom were never accepted in the mainstream of Nepal. They were never given the administrative power. The result is today’s divided psychology of Nepalese. People of then Makwanpur kingdom are treated as “outsider” in decent term.

But many other terms are given to these people. To list some of them, Madhesia (Means People of Madhyadesh, land between Himalaya and mainland Indian Subcontinent), Terai Basi (People leaving in Terai region, term given by English people during their rule), Nepalese of Indian origin (term used by most of the non-maithil people of Nepal), Indian of Nepalese origin ( as Govt of other country other than Nepal treats), Bihari (Gautum Budha Started their journey from these places, Bihars become the associated name with these lands). In the name of the National structuring, and whatever you can say( a long term discriminating vision or planning of the state), lands from Maithili were taken some 50 years back and distributed to non Maithili of Nepal. In this way Govt did good job in creating more harmony among the peoples of Maithili and non-Maithili. Once the productivity of fertile soil of Mithila was know to others the density of non-Maithili continued to grow. Non-Maithili and the Govt made very good arrangement and maithils started being neglected even on their own land. Gradually the time came when Maithili were labeled as “Nepalese of Indian Origin”.

Now the so called “Nepalese of Indian Origin”, is being asked to return back to their state. I am asking which state ? Makwanpur or Mithila, or India. Was is not a long term strategic vision of state and the people for giving the tag “Nepalese of Indian Origin”. Line “People of Indian origin” is mostly used for NRI( Non Resident Indians, whose forefather had once lived in Indian Land. Now the question is what should Maithils do with the tag “Nepalese of Indian origin”. Should the Maithils, the people of Makwanpur kingdom, now start asking the question ” Where they are from” ?; “Where is their origin?”; “Where should they now start to go?”, or “What should be their demand from the current state ?” If Kingdom and Non-Maithils are listening, I am demanding, return back their Old Makwanpur Kingdom. People will be manage to live with their Makwanpur kingdom. They will try to become happy with what they are left with. And the time will surely come when people will start raising this question, Where is “My” Makwanpur State? Return It Back to Me ? This article I have written in the time , when highly educated people are also raising the question of “Nepalese of Indian Origin”. One of my classmate in post graduate today made me realize that, the issue is how much burning through out Nepalese Kingdom, irrespective of the intellectual level.

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10 Comments Add your own

  • 1. Dr.Yogesh  |  February 13, 2007 at 4:33 pm

    It hardly matters from where you are.those who speak such things are not doing any good to the community.one should always remember and keep in mind the rich cultural heritage and long chain of spritual widom which is even older than this present civilization on the planet.eternal powers and divine forces are very thickly distributed in this part of the world-viz.mithila,kashi,prayag,naimish,haridwar,badri,kedar,mansarover,kailash.one can feel it and go deep into it.one should always try to attain higher concious level as our ancestors did in spite of going into meagre matters

  • 2. dinesh maddhesia  |  February 25, 2008 at 6:30 pm

    main aapne itihaas ke bbare me jyada nahi janta lekin ek aisi jaati jiska itihaas bhahut hi puraana hai.
    jo ki sri ram chandra ji ke vansh se juda hua suna hai ,
    ye kitna sach hai pata nahi.

  • 3. Dr Ramesh  |  February 26, 2008 at 8:41 am

    If you people are of Maithili origin, then where is the sense to ask Single Madesh? People who lives in Nepalgunj or Bhairahawa are not Mathili people. Its clearly a RAW agenda, so whoever support this idea is an Antinepali.

  • 4. Dr Ramesh  |  February 26, 2008 at 9:35 am

    What is the problem of being Nepali of Indian Origin or Nepali of Maithili Origin or Nepali of Pahade Origin. If you love nepal, anyway you are a Nepali– the origin is not so important. Like in the USA- all are from somewhere in last 500+ years- some of them are of British origin, some Spanish some Africa etc. The main issue is do you feel Nepali, when the word”Nepal”is said , does your heart beats faster with emotion, are you ready to die for this sacred land– all these make us Nepali, NOT JUST HAVING A PASSPORT OR CITIZENSHIP.

  • 5. P.C.mUNDHRA  |  May 5, 2008 at 2:22 pm

    It is not a question of does your heart beat faster when the word Nepali is uttered –because even if it does you are never accepted as a Nepali because of your ancestry in fact Nepalis who suffer so much ancestry based abuse should be the first people to understand that profiling a person because of his ancestry is absoloutely something which Nepalis around the world should hate being the first victims yet—— se reprinted article below –how Nepalis themselves behave when they are in a majority even in placec like Sikkim where they were only till 1975 fighting for the same rights that they want to deprive from the Madhesi Indians.

    ARTICLE

    . THE NEPALESE HIMALAYAN SCENE.

    IN HIS EDITORIAL S.DASGUPTA IN TIMES OF INDIA DATED 19/04/2008 CASTIGATES THE MANDARINS OF SOUTH BLOCK FOR MISSING THE PROVERBIAL WOODS IN THEIR ANALYSIS OF THE NEPALESE POLITICAL SCENE PRE –THE RECENT ELECTIONS IN NEPAL.

    Unfortunately the worthies of both south and north block have historically and are even today missing not only the proverbial woods but much much more in their analysis of the entire gamut of consequences that are going to result from the new neo-Nepalese movement..

    The Indian trader is the van guard of our culture and ethos in any country. .He is the bravest of us risking his all in distant foreign cultures and always succeeding against the odds in guarding Indian values and thoughts in very difficult surroundings often critical and inimical to his success..

    When will we learn that when we turn a blind eye to—- nay even encourage and allow—- basic anti Indian feelings, thoughts and behaviour to be articulated in every day life against our Indian traders, be they ever so lowly and vile in the eyes of the “educated” Babus of the embassies, we thereby establish the failure of Indian diplomacy right there and then and lay the foundation stone of all future Hate India campaigns that are bound to be engineered —because all people realize all to soon that a government which does not value and protect its best citizenry is up for sale and open to insults without repercussions..

    The constant giving in by India to outrageous demands often targetted against India’s basic security interests has encouraged a new sense of Nepalese chauvinism as evident not only in the Gorkha community of Nepal but more alarmingly in the Nepalese of Darjeeling and Sikkim hills .

    Thus blatantly Nepal under Maoist control is demanding a revision of the Indo- Nepal treaty with Nepal insisting that all the benefits of the open border for Nepal continue while whittling down the protection given to Non-Nepalese ( read Indians) given by the treaty and south bloc ( to cover a potentially explosive situation resulting from the miss- reading of the Nepalese scene ) is now preparing to placate Prachanda by again conceding basic Indian interests as protected by the treaty of 1950.

    India basely compromised on basic principals when it gave in to Bhutan by allowing eviction of Nepalese from Bhutan and as a hidden consequence it also gave up equal treatment protections for Indian required from Bhutan by treaty.. Today the government of India turns a blind eye to blatant discrimination of Indians in Bhutan and lauds itself for successful diplomacy!!

    As a result the Nepalese have learned that Government of India will sacrifice basic values and policies without any thought just to buy peace for any petty problem they can engineer as they are aware that Delhi has no time for peripheral India.

    As a direct consequence Nepalese chauvinism is taking directly Anti-Indian tones in its intellectual thrust and on the ground in Nepal and more importantly at home in Darjeeling ,Jalpaiguri and Sikkim the consequences are all to evident..

    1. In Nepal as soon as Prachanda gets rid of the King his first political target will be to crush and destroy the very recent Madhese power base which has developed.(Madhesies are of-course hated and reviled as Indians)
    However without absolute control of this populous and productive region no Government in Nepal can survive and Prachanda rightly calculates that India ever willing to buy peace when threatened will succumb when threatened by Nepalese backing the growing Moaist threat in India.. India will quickly agree to sacrifice the Madhesi cause for political and economic freedom in return for a temporary peace but India will once again gain nothing as Prachanda’s threat will remain as blackmail chip against India for ever..
    (Note China who would never countenance any such threats will be encouraging these activities from the sidelines.)

    2. In Darjeeling Bimal Gurung has the Bengal Government by the hip and will soon have his Mini-Nepal as the Bengali Communists are ready to through in the trowel and will now allow the new state minus Siliguri which they are ridiculously protecting from even peaceful Nepalese processions by posting armed cadre at the entry points of the city.
    Here to the interests of the minority Bengali, Bihari and other plains people known locally as Madhesies or “Indians” will be sacrificed to buy peace (and all important Siliguri town) from the proposed Gorkhaland State now a foregone conclusion.

    3. In Sikkim the proof of all the above is already evident in black and white as

    A. the government flouting all constitutional norms, requirement and safeguards has reserved 95% jobs in even the private sector for a specially created category under which the beneficiaries are the 75 % Nepalese Majority of the state . The deprived people are again the Madhesies.

    B. Similarly the Government has also built up a plethora of Municipal rules specifically to prevent the Madhesi community from getting even petty trade licenses in this state. Thus even surpassing Kashmir this state is barred for Indians (Madhesies) unless they are rich Indians and have million of dollars to invest in lotteries and hydel projects which fund the political parties who work against India’s interests.

    C. Recently under the continuous secret haranguing of the state government the central finance bill is set to make into law provisions that will deny
    a. Any Sikkimese women married to an “Indian” not only the political rights of her offspring but also her constitutional rights of inheritance and all this to prevent any “Indian” from gaining political rights in the projected racially pure Nepalese state.
    b. Stopping benefits under the Income tax act to Madhesies of a hundred years history while allowing the same benefits to similarly placed Tibetans of 50 years and less ancestry and Nepalese with only 20 years ancestry.

    D. I n the recent delimitation exercise in Sikkim Bureaucrats from Delhi worked at the behest of local political masters to break up three important constituencies Gangtok, Singtam and Jorethang all having substantial Madhesi (Indian) voting blocs. Each constituency was divided into two constituencies so that Madhesi political power could be whittled down to become ineffective. Ironically the Madhesies who are considered forward were in each case put into reserved scheduled caste / tribe constituencies.

    It is quite evident that the bureaucrats in Delhi and their political masters are either not doing their job or are incapable of doing their job and are selling the interests of India and creating states which will ultimately prove anti-national with tendencies to blackmail the centre into further concessions ad infinitum and this is the charitable viewpoint.

    The other viewpoint of the Indian Bureaucrat ready to pass any law or scheme in return for his cut is widely prevalent in the North Eastern states. Thus no N.E. state bothers with Accountant Generals or accounts which are in general woefully missing. Each State is aware that each secretary is for sale as he always wants his favourite businessman to be sanctioned each big scheme that he releases for the state and the planning commission will take its cut for the plan funds and the well paid officers of the central government are only to happy to cover up accounting deficiencies by blaming it on the backward tribal who cannot keep accounts or as necessary payment for preventing potential insurgency.

    In Sikkim China is known as “Mama” and the Nepalese traditionally turn for help to their mother’s brother when they find going becomes tough in their fathers house.

  • 6. Indian Neplai  |  July 7, 2012 at 10:38 am

    I am Indian live in Darjeeling district of West Bengal.Born and brought up in India but rest of Indians treat me and other Indian nepalease as “neplease of Nepal”. Even they ask us to go to Nepal.So my friends, how many times Nepalease lost their lives in Indian borders to save their country India, rest of Indians label us as people of Nepal and they will never treat as Indians.

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