SEPARATISM OR FREEDOM
By Bindeshwar Prasad Yadav
After approximately two hundred years, Time is writing the history of Madhesh, which is ancient land with human population. It is a well-accepted truth that Madheshis are treated as second class and bondage citizens as they are hidden colonized in Nepal under cover of false unification after the quest of the Madhesh that was a sovereign state before 1813. They are significantly marginalized at policy making, implementations and administrations, as well as in judiciary system. In their own country millions of Madheshi are without citizenship and their culture, language and linguistics have been eroded. The lands are occupied by non-indigenous Madheshi and several are forcibly displaced against the United Nations convention. In the past, they have also faced the problem of ‘work permit’. Since the time of quest non Madheshis military forces are on the land of Madshesh. They have completely lost identity. Are these all not the evidences of fake unification and hidden colonization? Examination of the Government’s attitude and act, in light of “Convention (No. 169) concerning Indigenous and Tribal peoples in Independent Countries” reveals that the Government has been violating Article 2.1, 2.2©, 3.1, 4.3, 6(b), 6(C), 7.1, 14.2, 16.1, 17.3, 18, 20.2, 26, 28.1, 28.3, 31, 32.
Several governments have changed and none has addressed their problems. Further present, they proposed the division of Madhesh in different parts is like division of brothers. Madheshis want true unification in the spirit of equity and justices, with dignity and identity, and with no attitude and act of superiority, and discrimination. Do you feel to call it “FREEDOM” that is scientifically true, socially by enlarged globally acceptable, and legally justified? United Nations also supports the quick end of colonization. United Nations supports freedom for colonized countries. In fact the Madhesh has become free. The time has liberated it.
After approximately two hundred years, Time is writing the history of Madhesh, the holy land of lord Buddha (the light of Asia), King Janak and divine mother Sita; and the Madheshis, who are great offspring of great ancient ancestors. It is well-accepted truth that Madheshis are treated as second class and bondage citizens as they are colonized in Nepal under cover of false unification after the quest of the Madhesh that was a sovereign state with its free citizens before 1813. In own country millions Madheshi are stateless (without citizenship), which is not found anywhere else in the world. Madheshi culture, language and linguistic have been eroded; and the name of the land “Madhesh” has been changed to “Tarai.” The land of indigenous Madheshi is forcibly occupied by other group of people with prime support of the government. In this process, many people have looted the land of indigenous helpless people. Few decades ago, they also faced the problem of ‘work permit’. Since the time of quest non Madheshis military forces are on the land of Madshesh. They have completely lost identity. Are these all not the evidences of fake unification and hidden colonization?
Examination of the Government’s attitude and act, in light of “Convention (No. 169) concerning Indigenous and Tribal peoples in Independent Countries” reveals that the Government has been violating Article 2.1, 2.2©, 3.1, 4.3, 6(b), 6(C), 7.1, 14.2, 16.1, 17.3, 18, 20.2, 26, 28.1, 28.3, 31, 32.
Let’s see United Nation’s definition for Indigenous People
Article 1 (b)
People in independent countries who are regarded as indigenous on account of their descent from the populations which inhabited the country, or a geographical region to which the country belongs, at the time of conquest or colonisation or the establishment of present state boundaries and who, irrespective of their legal status, retain some or all of their own social, economic, cultural and political institutions.
Violated articles are:
Governments shall have the responsibility for developing, with the participation of the peoples concerned, co-ordinated and systematic action to protect the rights of these peoples and to guarantee respect for their integrity.
Article 2.2 ©
Assisting the members of the peoples concerned to eliminate socio-economic gaps that may exist between indigenous and other members of the national community, in a manner compatible with their aspirations and ways of life.
Indigenous and tribal peoples shall enjoy the full measure of human rights and fundamental freedoms without hindrance or discrimination. The provisions of the Convention shall be applied without discrimination to male and female members of these peoples.
Enjoyment of the general rights of citizenship, without discrimination, shall not be prejudiced in any way by such special measures.
Article 6 (b)
Establish means by which these peoples can freely participate, to at least the same extent as other sectors of the population, at all levels of decision-making in elective institutions and administrative and other bodies responsible for policies and programmes which concern them;
Article 6 ©
Establish means for full development of these peoples’ own institutions and initiatives, and in appropriate cases provide the resources necessary for this purpose.
Article 7. 1.
The peoples concerned shall have the right to decide their own priorities for the process of development as it affects their lives, beliefs, institutions and spiritual well-being and the lands they occupy or otherwise use, and to exercise control, to the extent possible, over their own economic, social and cultural development. In addition, they shall participate in the formulation, implementation and evaluation of plans and programmes for national and regional development which may affect them directly.
Governments shall take steps as necessary to identify the lands which the peoples concerned traditionally occupy, and to guarantee effective protection of their rights of ownership and possession.
Subject to the following paragraphs of this Article, the peoples concerned shall not be removed from the lands which they occupy.
Persons not belonging to these peoples shall be prevented from taking advantage of their customs or lack of understanding of the laws on the part of their members to secure the ownership, possession or use of land belonging to them.
Article18. Adequate penalties shall be established by law for unauthorized intrusion upon, or use of, the lands of the peoples concerned, and governments shall take measures to prevent such offences.
Governments shall do everything possible to prevent any discrimination between workers belonging to the peoples concerned and other workers, in particular as regards:
- Admission to employment, including skilled employment, as well as measures for promotion and advancement;
Measures shall be taken to ensure that members of the peoples concerned have the opportunity to acquire education at all levels on at least an equal footing with the rest of the national community.
Article 28. 1.
Children belonging to the peoples concerned shall, wherever practicable, be taught to read and write in their own indigenous languages or in the language most commonly used by the people to which they belong. When this is not practicable, the competent authorities shall undertake consultations with these peoples with a view to adoption of measures to achieve this objective.
Measures shall be taken to preserve and promote the development and practice of the indigenous languages of the peoples concerned.
Educational measures shall be taken among all sections of the national community, and particularly among those that are in most direct contact with the peoples concerned, with the object of eliminating prejudices that they may harbour in respect of these peoples. To this end, efforts shall be made to ensure that history textbooks and other educational materials provide a fair, accurate and informative portrayal of these societies and cultures of these peoples.
Governments shall take appropriate measures, including by means of international agreements, to facilitate contacts and co-operation between indigenous and tribal peoples across borders, including activities in the economic, social, cultural, spiritual and environmental fields.
Madheshis don’t want separation. They want true unification in the spirit of equity and justices, with dignity and identity, and with no attitude and act of superiority, and discrimination. How do you feel? How long do they live a life of living cadavers?
Several governments changed, none addressed their problems. After April Peoples, war a solution looks emerging, but the solution itself has a problem. The division of Madhesh in different parts is like division of brothers. This political problem reminds me a social happening. In case of division of two brothers, the helpless mother/wife remains with one brother, and the powerless father/husband goes with other. Similarly those Madheshi brothers, from East to West, have been living together generation after generation and are going to be divided as they are helpless and powerless against the bullet of the government.
Do you feel to call it “FREEDOM” that is scientifically true, socially by enlarged globally acceptable, and legally justified? United Nations also supports the quick end of colonization. They are fortunate. They have infinite fortune; the history will embrace them with love and respect. In fact the Madhesh has become free. The time has liberated it. Freedom fighters and liberationist are just means. If the government wants true unification then the government must grant an autonomous Madhesh within Nepal.
i. Through undivided Madhesh state,
ii. Madheshi youths /jawans in Madhesh barracks, Chief District Officers, Superintendent of Police, and Chiefs of the other Madhesh offices; and
iii. Population proportion based representation in other places.
How should Madhesh become free ?
Circumstances have changed. A positive attitude has emerged among various categories of peoples: politicians, academicians, and reformers of the country. We feel Madhesh freedom fighters do not need a weaponised war. A war with wisdom, which has support of millions, is enough. In the time of globalization, emigration has become a more prominent phenomenon. In Madhesh, several hill dwellers who are good and poor, have settled since decades, they should be acceptable but those who are agents of discrimination, exploitation certainly are not acceptable. A king with such attitude and action is unacceptable, how can others be acceptable?
May God bless Nepal. May God bless Madhesh.
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