Indigenous Nationalities & Minorities of Nepal

September 5, 2006 at 4:22 pm Leave a comment

An  excerpt from Report “Indigenous Nationalities & Minorities of Nepal”

By Dr.
Krishna B. Bhattachan

Report Submitted to:
Minority Rights Group International
379 Brixton Road
United Kingdom



Madhesis have been treated as second-class citizens after the territorial integration of Nepal by King Prithvinaryan Shah in 1769. During the autocratic Rana rule, Madhesis were required to obtain visa to visit the Kathmandu Valley. Madhesi representation in Army, civil service, judiciary is negligible but their representation in cabinet, Parliament, and political parties is low. Due to marginalization of Madhesi by the dominant caste, they formed the Nepal Sadavabana Party, a region-based political party and formed coalition government time and again. In the last twelve years of democracy, all political parties, including the Sadvabana Party failed to address the fundamental problems facing the Madhesi community. Many Madhesis, therefore, formed the Madhesi Liberation Front as a wing of the Nepal Communist Party (Maoist), who is waging an insurgency (people’s war) for the lat seven years. Madhesi movement as a social movement is between the political party and liberation front. They are mainly against Khasa-Brahmanism. They are for regional autonomy.

Often Madhesi are wrongly stereotyped as “Indians” by the Hill people. They are as Nepalese as any other Nepalese people. Due to centuries of suppression and oppression against Madhesis, they generally shy away from speaking out loudly against such practices. However, the communal tension between the Hill peoples and Madhesis that broke out for few days in December of 2001 indicated that the bond that ties between the Hill people and Madhesi are very fragile and that Madhesi have courage to speak out against suppression and oppression against them.

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Entry filed under: Reports.

के यो न्याय हो Madhesis: colonial subjects or masters of their own destiny?

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