Historical: Jung Bahadur pleasure at the cost of Terai plight

October 17, 2006 at 7:09 pm Leave a comment

A substantial financial aid to India when Akabar was ruling and expanding in the south towards Karnatak, east towards Bangal and west towards Kandahar. The aid secured Nepal’s independence and helped a relatively secular environment in the Indian subcontinent. Nepal also provided monetary loans and military aids to East India Company (the governing structure in India of colonial Britain) in 1857 during the insurgency of freedom loving rajas (the so called Sepoy Mutiny or ‘the mutiny of native army of Bengal’ by the British), and to British India during the First world war.

During the Second World War, only the military aids were provided. East India Company (EIC) could not return the monitory loan it got from Nepal immediately because of the economic crisis following the mutiny. In stead, it returned 5 districts through a 1860 Treaty with Nepal from among the territory it annexed from Nepal in 1815 with so called Sugauli Treaty, as a reward for the latter who ‘faithfully maintained the relations of Peace and friendship established between the British Government and the State of Nipal (Nepal, so named by EIC) by the treaty of Segowlee’. [Art. 2 of 1860 Treaty – ‘The British Government hereby bestows on the Maharaja of Nipal in full sovereignty, the whole of the lowlands between the Rivers Kali (now called Mahakali – MPS) and Raptee, and lowlands lying between the River Raptee and the District of Goruckpore, which were in the possession of the Nipal State in the year 1815, and were ceded to the British Government by the article III of the treaty concluded at Segowlee on the 2nd December in the year’].

A secret understanding was also reached with Rana government of Nepal that the loan added with the interests would be returned at an appropriate time. The five districts of western Terai (so called naya muluk or new territory) were returned to sovereign Nepal according to the treaty. But the corrupt ruler, Junga Bahadur Rana, distributed one district so returned to each of his five surviving brothers with rights to sell or dispose the vast land, water and forest resources in the areas. This transfer of ownership generated the de facto slavery systems, Kamayya Haliya etc. that are still pricking the Nepal’s conscience with serious problems related to bonded labor and its rehabilitation even today as a bad curse of the history.



Entry filed under: Articles.

राष्ट्र, राष्ट्रियता र नागरिकता Nepal’s Tarai: Backwater or New Frontier

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