Historical Entity of Vijayapur State

March 16, 2007 at 3:03 am 1 comment

Historical Entity of Vijayapur State

Dr. Raja Ram Subedi*


At present Vijayapur lies in eastern part of Nepal. There is a dilapidated fort representing the entity of an independent status during the late medieval period of Nepalese history. A Kotche king Sangla Ing, who was the first ruler of Vijayapur state, founded the fort. Pungla Ing succeeded Sangla Ing who was also known by the name of Amara Roy. Kirti Narayan Roy Appa Narayan Roy, Jora Narayan Roy, Ingdi Narayan Roy and Vijaya Narayan Roy succeeded Amara Roy respectively. The seven Kotche kings ruled Vijayapur down to the period of Vijaya Narayan Roy who was the last ruler of that dynasty.1 They are said to have been migrated from Kooch Bihar, thus called the Koche kings. The administrative centre of the Kotche dynasty was at Baratappa and later transferred to Vijayapur. Raja Vijaya Narayan Roy was an amicable as well as diplomatic ruler. He established cordial relations with the Kirata subjects of Pheddap region. He made an alliance with Morey Hang, a chieftain of the Kirata, and appointed him as the minister (Dewan). With the help of the Kiratas, Vijaya Narayan Roy was able to repair the old fort of Bhatabhunge Gadhi and shifted his capital from Baratappa to that fort. Then the fort was called Vijayapur Gadhi. Moreover, Hang Khewang was given the rank of minister permanently by the king.2 The territory of Vijayapur was expanded up to the Himalayas in the north, river Ganga in the south, Sapta Koshi, Barahakshetra in the west and Jalapaigudi and river Tista in the east.3 The eastern border of Vijayapur was not regulated due to the clashes occurred with Sikkim and Bhutan (Bhootang) because those principalities were front door neighbours of Vijayapur.

Vijayapur in the Historical Period

The oriental classical scriptures do not mention about Baratappa, Morang or Viajyapur. However, there is description of Videha, Mithila and Janakpur as the independent political entities in various classical texts.4 Since 8th to 6th century B.C., Videha Janak dynasty is said to have became powerful in Janakpur. The Brizzi Sangha was formed during the first half of the 8th century B.C. Ajatasatru destroyed Brizzi Sangha during the first quarter of the 6th century B.C.5

There were sixteen monarchical and eleven non-monarchical states in the northern part of Harivarsha (India) before the incarnation of Lord Buddha. The Videha of Mithila state was under a union of non-monarchical groups.6 In the first half of the 3rd century A.D., there were marital relations between the Gupta rulers and the Lichhavi rulers of Vaisali and Nepal. The Lichchhavis ruled in ancient Nepal. Mithila was under the Lichchhavis of Nepal. The cities have archaeological significance regarding Mithila. Some of them are within the Nepali territory.7 Those archaeological remains support the fact that east Nepal and northern Bengal were under the jurisdiction of Mithila domain. After the declining power of Janakpur, the Lichchhavi rulers of Nepal captured the whole area of Mithila under their suzerainty. The stone inscriptions of King Manadeva of Lichchhavi dynasty opine that eastern feudals were the Sontha or Sathaha who were subjugated by the king. The Sontha or Sothaha indicates the inhabitants of east Nepal including those of Mithila Janakpur and further south – east.8

East Nepal is still called the Kirata Region. The entire region was divided into 3 main. Those areas were situated in lower hill areas adjoining the Himalaya in the north and Tarai in the south. One source mentions Kirata population in Nepal as 900,000.9 Pallo–Kirata directly jostled with Sikkim and Bhutan for its entity. River Tista adjoined Hazary, Rangamutty and Cooch Bihar in the South.10 About the history of Vijayapur, Sarat Chandra Das assumes that the former ruler of the Kampachan Valley (Kanchanjangha) were the Magars which may be verified by ruins of forts and settlements in the Kampachan area. The Magar rulers were not liberal to the Sherpa subjects who were Tibetan migrants. The Magar rulers collected exorbitant taxes from Sherpas subjects.11 It is said that the latter conspired and murdered the Magar King. Later, they Sherpas attended the funeral ceremony. The widow queen requested them to perform religious rites by accepting liquor contaminated with poisonous substances. The Sherpas drank it and finally they met a tragic end. The widow was successful to take revenge of the king’s assassination.12 The place where the king was cremated is known as Tong-Song-Fong. Then the Sherpas requested the Tibetan government to fight against the Magars. The Tibetan army marched into Kampachan Valley who drove out the Magars. The Magar force resisted for three months but could not defeat Tibetans. The Magars were forced to leave Kampanchan valley and scattered towards the west. However, no evidence supports this version of historical description.13

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Sliding Towards Civil War जातीय संस्थाहरूको समझदारी

1 Comment Add your own

  • 1. Dev Dolli  |  March 17, 2007 at 8:12 am

    It is more dividing Nepali than uniting.History doesnot reflect the present.If Vijapur is for rajbansi than Why dont Mr.Subedi try to get back Brithis Nepal and claim that many part of India is a Nepali Land

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