The Shining Nepalese vs. The Suffering Nepalese
The Shining Nepalese vs. The Suffering Nepalese
Nepal today comprised of two different social segments – “ The Shining Nepalese”, and “The Suffering Nepalese”. The Shining Nepalese that constitute more than 40 percent of country’s population, representatives of which dominates all political, economic and social decision makings of the country. As a result, the political leadership did not generate a climate where merit and knowledge would receive primacy over mediocrity. “The Suffering Nepalese” segment today are all the rest of people that includes ethnic minorities and ethnic groups boycotted by “The Shining Nepalese” and the economically weaker sections of the society at the lowest economic scale. They do not only have any role in country’s decision making and deprived of all human rights and freedom but also from their basic identity right – citizenship. While in course of time it was never thought of grave social and political implications that resulted today’s Madhesi and indigenous movement. The ethnic-communal madness that gripped Madhesh has died down at least for now; apart from a few stray incidents the violence has not spread to other parts of the country. Over 30 human beings, who lived, worked, loved, hated, worried, planned, laughed and cried, have had their lives snatched away. Their families have been introduced to a pain that will scar them forever. But for every person killed, scores more have had their future, peace of mind, trust in their neighbours and belief in the essential goodness of man destroyed forever. What a moderately affluent Madehsis even who till the other day had lived secure in the belief that he was a Nepali and a valued member of society suddenly changed his belief for independent Madheshland? The answer of Why is still tricky to most Pahadiyas and republicans. Is it sporadic, spontaneous or the continuation of the great Madhesh’s leader’s aspirations to empower Madhesis with their full rights is yet to see in coming days. The hopes of indigenous and Madhesh people that had experienced injustice traumas for more than 238 years behind has been dealt a body blow. The miscarriage of justice in the case of indigenous and Madhesis has finally breached their threshold of cynicism. Hence, their ongoing movement and protests have legitimate ground for their self-determination.
The Crunchy Nepalese Breakfast Usually, we hear US hate Indians? British hate Indians and Pakistanis? Indians hate Pakistanis? Whites hate Blacks. Democrats hate Communists. Dictators hate Democrats. Liberals hate Communists and so on. What about in Nepal and among Nepalese? Bahun hate Chettris, Chettris hate Newars, Newar hate Bahuns and Chettris, Bahun, Chettris and Newars hate Madhesis. Updhaya hate Kumain and Jaisis, Chettris hate Khatris, Newars hate the other levels of Newars. All Chettris, Newars and Bahuns hate untouchables!! And untouchables!!! They are too not free from this syndrome within. More and more as there are more than sixty ethnic minorities such as Gurung, Limbus, Magar, and so on. Today, the history changed time. Madhesis hate Pahadiyas not listed as above. The time has taken a rebound. Expressing anti- Semitic languages by one ethnic to another in Nepalese society from dawn to dusk is the routine calendar of activities of Nepalese. The psychological disorder syndrome “ Superiority” is the great cause in this anti – Semitic expressions. It might be crunchy breakfast and breakfast news for most Nepalese round the year. The Nepalese capacity for sanctimonious self- righteousness is legendary. Our children learn in school that we are a great and ancient civilisation shaped in the vision of wise men like Lord Buddha. We keep reminding the world that we are the world’s wonderful democracy and peaceful country in the past and present. Indeed, the only functioning democracy without comparing the western world and southern largest democracy. We make speeches about our resilient democratic traditions and appeal the world to learn our democratic and conflict resolution modalities. Because we vote regularly in a world full of despots and dictatorships, and we routinely dream to be the heaven of the world (from former PM Krishana Prasad Bhattrai to Prachanda latest) as most politicians assures all the time.
And then the gate-keepers of the Nepalese system enact a shameful drama that makes a sham of all our tall claims and aspirations. The great tragedy of Nepalese democracy is perhaps that the politician is now seen as an amoral and venal creature. And politics is still not a dirty business as in other countries.
Errors of Omission Democracy is the only form of political regime compatible with respecting all five categories of rights—economic, social, political, civil and cultural. Democracy built on the principle of inclusive that is if political power is dispersed and shared in a variety of ways—to protect minorities and to ensure participation and free speech for all citizens, and provide equal opportunities to all for progress and peace. It is because inclusive democracy emphasizes the quality of representation by striving for consensus and inclusion, not the brute electoral force of the majority. An inclusive democracy also appreciates the need to promote civil society organizations, open media, holistic and rights-oriented economic policy and separation of powers. It thus creates mechanisms for the accountability of the majority to the minorities. Today’s main concern is to ensure that no one ethnic group traumatizes the other. The movement in Terai by Madhesi and ongoing protest by indigenous people is the result of Errors of Omission to secure their rights of equality forever. Single ethnic community’s supremacy has been the root cause of every nightmare in Nepal. The centralization of power in the hands of one ethnic group is the bugbear Nepalese are seeking to overcome whether it is from ‘Royalist’ or ‘non-inclusive’ element of democracy. In order to achieve this, Nepalese are demanding to focus on the fact that the localization of powers is more vital than the centralization of them whether for development or for equality or for freedom or to manage identity crisis. We must realize the fact that centralization of power is the evil of Nepal and Nepalese needs to overcome. Future of Ethnic Harmony in Nepal Nepal has been a multi-religious, multi-cultural and multi-lingual society for centuries. Forces of tolerance have always been strong in its soil. Throughout medieval ages, one hardly finds instances of inter-communal clashes though among religious priesthood there was bigotry and sectarianism. Their whole emphasis was on love, peace and harmony. They had their roots among common people, poor and of lowly origin. They kept their distance from rulers and ruling classes. Even if connected to system, they are left by political and economic system due to the feudalistic socio-political culture.The demands of Madhesis and indigenous people is not the clash of interests that brought unrest and ethnic tensions in society, nor clash of religions rather it is the clash of political attitude between feudalistic majority class and minorities. The democratic process has simply intensified and brought more democratic awareness among the minorities and weaker sections of Nepal and they got better organized to demand their due share in power. However, on the whole, until today, common people of Nepal from all ethnic groups are desirous of peaceful co-existence and do not appreciate ethnic turmoil in the country but one thing must be clear that the old strategy of one step forward, two step backward, and finally in awkward situation would not rule this time. This time the vast poverty-stricken underbelly ethnic minorities of Nepal is to make a finale for their share in the system and remain integrated.
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