Tharu: Madhesi or not
Tharu: Madhesi or not
– Vijay Kumar
Madhesis as the name is given to those who live in the Terai region of Nepal. So it should include any person, caste, ethic groups who permanently inhabit in the Terai. Generally we found that only castes title like Yadav, Jha, Mishra, Singh, Sah etc are to be included in the categories of Madhesis. But it is completely a wrong. Some defines Madhesi according to place other in religious color, language, habit etc but this only in to voice of leader while giving the speed between, the people assemble and how they use Madhesis for their own benefit.
Tharu generally nowadays we listen to, that they didn’t accept themselves to be Madhesis. Why this is a prime issue nowadays, who started this and how the whole country is following it. Tharu who lived permanently from east to west of our country’s Terai area. According to the contents of who falls in between Madhesi, those who lived in the Terai are put into Madhesis constituency. Tharu belongs to the native residence of the Terai area that has their how from the time of their ancestor. They have their ancestor history attached with the Terai.
Tharu have their own language which is the bi-product of Maithili language not the Nepali language. Both Madhesi & Tharu uses their own languages for communication between them as they both understand their language quite well. Tharu have their own culture, traditional & societal rule which is similar with Madhesi people. Festival like Dashain, chhath, Maheshakranti, Diwali, Holi etc as well as traditional dress like Dhoti, kurta, gamcha, sari & dressing style are common between them. Taking about societal rule they both fallow same marriage ceremony with slightly changed. The conditions of women, children, in the society of both are almost same. The situations of education, unemployment, poverty, traditional etc are the same with both societies are facing. Also both communities are facing same identity, awareness problem in Nepal.
The natural rules of the environment are almost the same & collapse under the Terai district. As we know that more then 80% of the people of Nepal are dependent upon the agriculture and more then 80% of the agriculture product are grown from this area. So both Tharu & Madhesis are farmers and share common standard of living. Even in the perspective of climate, the both regions have the same. The four flavors summer, spring, winter, monsoon have common effect in both area & to the inhabitants. In field of development in term of roads, infrastructure, employment, opportunity, civilization etc they both allocate common effect in their communities.
In the opinionated concern, most Tharu community people are the parts of Madhesi parties like MPRF, NSP, TMDP etc & giving full support to these parties. This type helping hand progression is also shown in association established by Nepalese Terrain citizens outside Nepal like in India (AIMSA), USA (ANTA) & UK (ANMUK). Jointly these communities are giving their 100% if any need in sort of assistance is needed for their community benefit in Nepal & outside Nepal.
Now, here comes the question, where the Tharu comes? It comes under Madhesis or not. They have their own status and own ancestor history which defines that they are fully a separate ethic group of people. But in all, these all facts and conditions show that they are the Madhesis and they fall under it. The majority of their societal rules & regulations, political situation, economic situation etc are almost with the Madhesh region. Even at number of times people get confused who is Madhesis or Tharu because of the sameness in cooking. (Concluding on the assumption on truth & facts and the given condition Tharu are the Madhesis earlier since the period of their ancestor). Tharu comes under the Madhesis community as likewise Muslim communities, Dalit communities, Rajbanshi communities etc fall under within it.
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