September 28, 2008 at 1:32 pm 4 comments

On the Kosi – with love and anguish


– Latha Jishnu

The river that Dinesh Kumar Mishra writes about in this unusual book is not the river that we are all familiar with — an angry torrent that wreaks havoc in Bihar and Nepal almost every year, sweeping away villages, people and animals as it makes its turbulent way down from the Himalayas.

To Mishra the Sanskrit scholar, the Kosi is a young thing, wild and wilful, whose history can be traced from the myths and epics of India, a girl whose temperament can be gauged from the folklore surrounding her. But Mishra is also a hydraulic engineer — he is an alumnus of IIT-Kharagpur — and he deplores the means and methods that have been used in a vain effort to tame her.

The Story of Bihar’s Kosi River, as the book is subtitled, is an ode to this most volatile of rivers as Mishra analyses the many decades of political and administrative mismanagement that has left Bihar worse off than it was in the 1950s. Mishra has been studying the Kosi since 1984 when he was called to help with rehabilitation after one of its worst floods. Then an engineer with the Uttar Pradesh government, Mishra was so appalled by what he saw and heard — the inevitable blame game by the politicians, the vice-like grip of contractors over the establishment and the utter helplessness of the people of north Bihar — that he decided to devote himself to the Kosi.

The result has been a stream of monographs, academic papers and books based on his technical assessment of the projects undertaken to control the river and his closeness to the people who live along the Kosi. Trapped! is the latest and the most comprehensive.

Trapped! tracks the history of the river specially after embankments were built on it starting in the 1960s despite the most strenuous opposition from the people in the flood-affected area. Despite evidence that these earthen walls which were intended to prevent the river waters from flooding the countryside were a disaster, the politics of flood control has ensured that embankments keep growing in size and cost. From a few hundred km of embankments in the early 1950s, embankments have grown to a monstrous length of 3,430 km while, ironically, the flood-prone areas have gone up four times to 6.8 million hectares.

The promise of safety and prosperity that the embankments were supposed to provide has proved more mythical than the origins of the river. While increasing stretches of Bihar have become permanently waterlogged, there is no official explanation for the failure of the canals built on the rivers. Mishra points out that the Western Kosi Canal has cost Rs 1,009 crore so far but has not met even 10 per cent of its irrigation target. The story is similar for the eastern canal.

The book provides a detailed account of the major breaches in these embankments since 1963, the very year that the first stretch was completed, and the havoc these have caused. It is a sharp indictment of politicians, bureaucrats and engineers, specially in revealing the sordid nexus of the political parties with the contractors.

In this compilation, no government, either in Bihar or at the Centre, is free from blame for failing to find lasting solutions to the problem of the Kosi. Yet, they unfailingly go through the ritual of blame-fixing after each disaster in a hollow exercise that only helps those find rich pickings in disasters of this nature. Mishra does not hold out any magic solutions either but he does offer some commonsense prescriptions to mitigate the scale of the problem.

The large format of the book is just right for the kind of material that Mishra has compiled. It allows the author to highlight the 18 or so interviews that speckle the work apart from a goodly number of maps and charts to bolster his arguments. The interviews with local officials, volunteers, politicians and mostly victims of the Kosi are truly revealing of the ways of officialdom and their insensitivity to human suffering.

Even if you think floods are a wet issue, read the book for its exposé on government functioning. It might tempt you to take to arms.


Dinesh Kumar Mishra
People’s Science Institute/SANDRP
Pages: 208; Price: Rs 595



Entry filed under: Uncategorized.

Matrika’s magic Kosi Medical Camp – Part 2

4 Comments Add your own

  • 1. Subhash Jha  |  October 10, 2008 at 10:33 am

    I read about this book a couple of weeks back and tried searching for it across many book shops but to my amazement, it was not available with any of the so called ‘esteemed’ book shops of the likes of landmark or crossword. I would request anyone who is aware to kindly let me know as to where can I get a copy of the same. I shall be grateful as I really am desperate to read it.
    Subhash Rabindra Jha

  • 2. Manoj Kumar  |  December 19, 2008 at 6:40 pm

    Even I am looking for the book. Where do I get it?

  • 3. Swarup Bhattacharyya  |  December 23, 2008 at 6:25 am

    You can get the Book “Trapped! Between the Devil and Deep Waters” by D K Mishra in our office (we are the co-publisher) and other book stores mentioned below.

    1. SANDRP, 86-D, AD Block, Shalimar Bagh, Delhi 110 088. Ph. (011)2748 4655, e-mail:
    2. Bahrisons, Khan Market, Delhi
    3. People Tree, 8 Regal Building, Parliament Street, New Delhi 100001, Pnone: 23744877
    4. Jain Book Agency, 9, C, Inner Circle, Connaught Place. Phone; 2341 6390
    5. Central New Agency Private Ltd, P-20 Connaught Circus, New Delhi 1, phone: 43631313

  • 4. shailesh thakur  |  August 30, 2010 at 4:49 pm

    mishra sir writes nice text about koshi. i read it and got substantial materil for my research work but i am missing some historical interpetation and methodolgy. this text is different from the tradition and decipline. nice book. shaileh.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s

Trackback this post  |  Subscribe to the comments via RSS Feed

Celebration of 1,00,000

Madhesi Voice

United We Celebrate

People Celebrating faguwa (Holi), with the fun of music, quite popular among Terai people. Holi is celebrated each year on the eve of falgun purnima Faguwa (Holi) Celebration

Past Posts


Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 50 other followers

%d bloggers like this: