History of Terai in Nepal

April 4, 2007 at 3:21 am 139 comments

History of Terai in Nepal

Nepalese Rule in Terai 

    – By: J. K. Goait 

    Our beloved motherland of Terai is panning through a very critical stage of history. The facts of history are very stringent. The land of Terai, presently under control of Nepal, is not the owned land of king, great king or Nepali. Terai is northern part of ancient city-states like Kaushal, Kashi, Mithila (Bideha), and their city states were initially under the governance of their indigenous people. Par age of time, Sen Karnatak, Mugel emperors, British East India Company and at present non-resident Nepalese have held the governance of Terai respectively.

    If we scrutinize the history of Nepal, the present capital city Kathmandu was only a transit point. Outside Kathmandu and in the hilly region there was regional autonomy of each ethnic group/cast formed because of their socio-cultural structure.

     Our history has witnessed that different groups of the Hindus escaped from Indian sub-continent and took asylum in western hilly region of Nepal to protect their life from attacks of Muslims. Among these groups of refugee, Sen Group became the rulers of Palpa at first. Mukunda Sen of the Sen Rule occupied the land and he started his rule in the area of Rajpur and Tilpur by paying tax to the Abadh King (NABAB) of Kaushal Janapad. Mahadatta Sen had ruled under the larger area of western terai by paying tax to Abadh Nabab Asfudhaula. In Mithila Janapad, Chief of the army of Chalukya Karnatbanshi, Mr. Nanya Dev had established Tirhut state in 1097 A.D. In 1325, in the time of Harisinghadev, Sultan Gayasudhin Tuglak attacked to the capital of Tirhut Simaraunagadh and captured the land and controlled it. Sen Rulers had also ruled the land by paying tax to the Muslim winners. In the period of 1513 to 1774 AD, Sen Rulers had extended their regime to Palpa, Makawanpur, Chaudandi, Bijaypur, Morang, and others.

     Among the group of absconders/fugitives was forefather of present so called King Gyanendra, Bhupal Rao, the king of Chitaud with Rajasthani origin. He had escaped to protect his life from Mugal emperor and had taken asylum in western region of present Nepal. Khamsa Khan and Micha Khan were the two sons of Bhupal Rao. Both of them had changed their title from Khan to Shah. At first Shah killed the Ghale Magar King with conspiracy and pretence, and then started their rule in Liglig of Lamjung. After that they attacked and dismissed the Khadka Magar king by defeating in unfair running competition and captured the state of Gorkha. Then they unified both the states and made one state Gorkha. In 1743 AD, Prithvi Narayan Shah started to extend the Gorkha state by bloody army campaign. Step by step, he attacked and captured various historical republics of indigenous people. In 1768 AD, he attacked to the king of Nepal, Jay Prakash Malla. In the army of Malla king, there were 12000 Tirhutia armies. Tirhutia armies sharply defended against the organized army of Prithvi Narayan Shah. After defeating Jay Prakash Malla, Prithvi Narayan Shah terminated the Tirhutias from army force. After establishing Shah Regime in Nepal, army campaign had extended to eastern terai. In 1774 AD, in addition to army force, King Prithvi Narayan Shah defeated and dismissed to army ruler of Makawanpur by pretence, fraud and conspiracy and captured eastern terai. For extending their rule over to eastern terai like Sen Rulers, Prithvi Narayan Shah had also committed to pay tax to the Muslim emperor. After defeating eastern terai and control over the land, Prithvi Narayan Shah started to terminate the Tirhutia soldiers from his force. Then all the terai people were excluded from the security force. Prithvi Narayan Shah followed an undeclared principle to exclude the terai not only in army force but also from the other high-level key posts of the government. Nevertheless, in his series of campaigns to extend the Gorkha, Prithvi Narayan Shah had included other indigenous people of the states situated in hilly region that were defeated and captured by him, such as Maye, Magar, Gurung etc. and other people of hill areas, to his army force as well as other posts of government. He had started to treat the terai as colony and dominated to the people of terai as slaves.

    Terai people made the land of terai fertile by using their blood and sweat, and also fighting against terrible diseases like malaria and other wild animals such as tiger, bear, snakes etc. But those occupied land was snatched from the real owners of the land, who were terai people and was captured and distributed to royal family members, relatives, armies, officers and other employees as gifts, Birta, Math, Jagir etc and terai people, who were the real owners of the land, were compelled to work as land tillers. Like Prithvi Narayan Shah, after his regime, his successors continued the same policy to treat terai people. After the downfall of Mugal regime and rise of British power, Shahbanshi rulers used to gift elephants to British rulers every year as tax which was commutated by article 7 of the treaty of 1801. Up to 1804 AD Shahbanshi ruler of Nepal had extended its territory in Tista River in east, Satlaj River in west, Mountainous range in north and Ganga River in south.

    The terai was the major financial source to bear the cost of Nepali Shah Rulers. The fund was supplied from terai to maintain the cost of war in the time of extension of Nepali territory, cost for enjoyment and joy of the Shah rulers and other necessary administrative costs. Terai land tillers had been suffering from cruelty, injustice and inhumane behaviour of Shah Rulers and subjected to monetary exploitation in fulfilling rulers’ interests. In 1814, British East India Company attacked to Nepal from four posts of terai. At that time, terai people, who were victim of exploitation, were preparing to revolt against the medieval cruelty and injustice behaviour of Nepalese rulers. By following the general principle of people’s inalienable right to revolt against injustice and exploitation, groups of unorganized people of east terai helped the East India Company in the war against Shah Rulers in the name of revolution. Shahbansi rulers of Nepal lost that war against East India Company and surrendered. After the end of war, Nepali ruler requested to British East India Company to support the living cost of their employees. Company government agreed to pay two hundred thousands rupees per year to Shah Ruler.  Both the party signed in Sugauli treaty on December 2, 1815 and declared the end of war that had been running from 1814. Through Sugauli Treaty, king of Nepal handed over the land east to Koshi and west to Mahakali. He handed over not only his territory but also delivered all his power of foreign affairs to Company government. After that, terai people also got relief from Shah Ruler’s tyranny.

    Shah King of Nepal accepted the semi-colonial administration of British East India Company but after some time, in the name of acceptance or approval of Sugauli treaty, Company government issued a memorandum in December 8, 1816 without any consent of the people of terai, who were open supporter of Company Government in the war. By the deceiving memorandum, Company Government divided the terai and provided some part to Nepal such as east to Rapti River, West to Koshi River and north to present Indo-Nepal border. After providing that land, Company government stopped to pay two hundreds thousands rupees to Nepal. To satisfy terai people, Shah King agreed to add one clause in article 7 of the memorandum. According to the clause, “No legal action will be taken after extradition against the people of terai, who were supporters of the British India Company, in the period of war”. Those people, who were involved in revolution, had always expressed their dissatisfaction and disagreement with the decision of British India Company, which was against the spirit of terai people. After getting the territory of terai, Nepali government started to treat the terai people as enemies. In this way, land of terai divided into two parts. Major parts of terai became the colony of British India Company and some part came under the semi colonial state Nepal. In the terai land under the British rule, the ruler and people were from different society. Rulers were English and people were local terai people. The rulers and the people had different social and economic activities. Therefore, there were big practical gaps between rulers and people. The situation was similar in extradited part of terai in semi-colonial state Nepal. The rulers were from different economic and social background of Nepal and people were from different background. Therefore, they also had big practical, social and economic gaps between rulers and people and this problem still exists.

    The King of Nepal agreed to appoint British residential representative in Kathmandu offered by the British Government. However, the strong objection of majority of royalist had raised tension in that issue. In June 21, 1840, the Queen made an endeavour to murder the British representative but she could not succeed to carry out the conspiracy. That incident displeased the British Government. After that incident, British representatives had been trying to end the power of the royal palace in Nepal. In September 16, 1846, by inspiration and support of British Government, Jung Bahadur Kunwor murdered a number of senior officers of the royal palace and army who were invited in the occasion of Baved Parba by the Queen. Moreover, he declared himself as the Prime Minister and chief of the army. After that, he captured every part of governance in his grip, and compelled the King to work only as the rubber stamp, and started his arbitrary rule of his family. In 1850 AD, British Government invited to Jung Bahadur in foreign country and was awarded by the Queen Victoria. After the incident, all Rana rulers became the puppet of British Government. Jung Bahadur had gone to India leading his army of three thousand to suppress to Indian people, who were starting their first independent movement, the Sepoy mutiny, which occurred from 1857 to 1859 AD. After the success of the movement, East India Company ended its rule over the Indian Territory. After passing the Indian Administrative Act, 1858, British Queen Victoria started direct rule over the Indian Territory. British government presented some land to Nepal government of western terai such as west to Rapti River, east to Mahakali River and north to present Indo-Nepal border. This land was provided as an award for the support of Ranas to the British Government to suppress the fighters for independence of India. That army created violence by rape, murder, looting, firing and other cruel and inhuman behaviour to the terai people from Gorakhpur to Lucknow to restore the British colony. Nepal Government called that region Naya Muluk (New region). According to the memorandum of 1816 and treaty of 1860 AD, British India Company divided the land of terai from the land to west to Mechi, east to Mahakali and north of present Indo-Nepal broader provided to semi-colonial state Nepal. 

    After 1861 AD, with Jung Bahadur’s order, people were made to pay money instead of grain as tax. Rana rulers made one rule for people of Nepalese origin and other for people of Terai origin. for example in article (section) 152 of concerning murder, Nepalese from Hills could get bail for Rs.10-25 whereas Terai residents had to pay Rs.100.Moreover, Terai residents had to get permission letter(visa) to visit kathmandu as if they were some foreigners. Only on Mahashivaratri, Terai residents along with Indians were allowed without permit. On contrary, Nepalese and Terai residents did not require permission to enter then British colony. Thousands and thousands acres of Terai land were controlled by Nepalese people in the name of Birta(tax free land), salaries, trust and others. To strengthen the power further, Rana rules appointed locals from Terai as land recorders who acted as Rana’s social representations.

    After the independence of India in 1947, Nepal and India signed in “Peace and friendship Treaty 1950”, which nullified all the prior treaties that Nepal made with British rulers. India registered the treaty in UN office with registration number 1302. Also, “Nepal British treaty 1950” ‘s articles  states that all treats made between Nepal and Britain prior to 21 December, 1923 were nullified.That means the treates of 1816 AD(After Anglo Nepal war ) and 1860AD were considered void. After the treaty of 1950, on the basis of UN charter’s section 73 , Terai became an (autonomous) region. 

    However, in 1951, Nepalese rules conspired to displace Terai residents to control Terai land in the name of population distribution. After East India company returned Terai to Nepal, Nepalese rulers wanted their controlled over terai. So, they settled Nepalese people in Terai in the name of (Birta, guthi….) but the population of Nepalese before 1951 was minimal as there was epidemic of Malaria. Every year, 2 million people suffered from Malaria of which, around 10% of victims died. Nepalese from hills feared Malaria .So, Nepalese immigrants were less in number. 

    But in 1952, to colonize Terai to Nepal, another conspiracy was hatched in the name of Nepalese Citizenship Act. Citizenship is a certificate given to citizens residing within boundaries of a country. Even after Birta in handed over Terai to Nepal, Nepalese were recognized on the basis of onamended Muluki Ain and some questions. Even when Terai was (autonomous), Nepalese Citizenship Act, 1952 was given go ahead and after each day, it was made easier for Nepalese of Hills to obtain citizenship. On December 14, 1955, Nepal became a member of United Nations, on February 24, 1956, UN secretary General (Doug Hemmer Shold) asked Nepalese Government about any land under Nepal that was under section 73 of UN charter. Nepalese representating stayed mum on this matter. When the matter was asked again, Nepalese representate crossed all moral grounds and answered “No”. Nepalese Government sent a letter to UN to conform. (See: UN publication ST/DPI/SERA/73/Rev.1, page 8, 1 April, 1957). So, it is clear from above that Terai is an autonomous region. Nepal has controlled Terai under baseless facts. Until 1958, Terai residents had to get visa to visit Kathmandu.

    In 1956, Raghunath Thakur established “Madhesi Mukti Aandolan” to oppose and fight the discrimination and exploitation against Terai residents. He agrued that Terai came under section 73 of UN charter and Terai was an autonomous region.  Terai also had every right to make its own foreign policies. He later formed “Madhesi Janakrantikari Dal” to continue Madhesh Revolution. The organizations major objectives were to snatch power from Nepalese government for self governance; to choose capable Madhesis to make thir own army, police and bureauocrats; to hold domestic and international trade of Madhes to Madhesi people; to enforce law made by Madhesis in Madhesh; to give every Madhesi land’s ownership to Madhesi people; to chase away all the enemies who had authority from Madhesh. In sixties, Thakur went to India to meet different leaders to have his say and popularize his movement. He met then President  
    Dr. Sharba Palli Radhakrishna. Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, Acting Prime Minister Guljari lal Nanda , Prime Minister Morariji Desai, Agriculture Minister Jagjiban Ram , Home Minister Y.B. Chauhan, Industrial Development Minister Farukhdeen Ali Ahmed, Communication and Parliament Minister Ram Sughav Singh , Minerals and Mines Minister Channa Reddy, Transportation Minister Dr. B.K.R.B. Rao, Rail Minister C.N.Punatha, Law Minister Govinda Menon, Aviation Minister Dr. Karna Singh, Trade Minister Dinesh Singh, Information Minister K.K. Shah , Education Minister Dr. Trigul Sen, Planning Minister Ashok Mehata, Labour and resettlement minister Jai Sukhalal Hathi and other leaders like Dr.Ram Manohar Lohiya, Acharya J.B.Kripalani, MP Mrs. Sucheta Kripalani, Raghunath Thakur  also meet with different newspapers editors , ambassadors and Chief Minister of Bihar Pandit Binodananda Jha, CM K.B. Shahaya and distributed his book about Madhesi people. He used to burn patrolmen in his forehead infront of Indian parliament. When asked what he was doing, Thakur replied, “Justice is lost or vanished from India and Nepal. I am in search of it with the help of petromax in the broad daylight” while struggle for Madhesis , he died on june 21, 1981 with rulers’ conspiracy.

    In 1960’s to end the discrimination and exploitation against the indigenous people of Western Terai “Terai Liberation Front” was established. As the terai resident were deprived of citizenship and there land were being taken by Nepalese from hills, fighters from Terai Liberation Front to take up arms against the discrimination. They started an armed revolution with guerilla war strategy. Following this, Nepalese government started to kill the leaders of the groups. In June 1963, Nepalese Police killed a leader, Ramji Mishra. Similarly, in august 1967, the chairman of the group, Raghunath Raya Yadav, was shot dead by the Royal Nepalese Army. Also in august 1969, another chairman Satyadev Mani Tripathi was shot dead in Nautunawa , boarder of Utter pardesh. So, 1951, many organizations had revolted with or without arms against the atrocities of central rulers, but each time they were suppressed. The king, parties, organizations, groups’ influenced by sub nationalism and individuals made divide and rule policy in Terai and suppressed Terai people. The atrocities and exploitation from feudalism and colonialism is still going on.

    In 1956, Nepalese government started eradication of malaria in Terai with the help of foreign donors. Eradication of Malaria was advertised a lot in order to encourage immigration in Terai by Nepalese from hills. The indigenous people of Terai were displaced from their original land due to different departments, companies, projects and housing companies with resettlement plans. Many towns and cities were created in the name of King and royal family members. In order to weaken the social structure of terai, the state distributed land of terai in Jhapa, Sunsari, Morang, Chitwon, Nawalparasi, Dang, Bardia, Kailali and Kanchanpur to many people with Nepalese origin from foreign places like Assam, Tibet, Banaras, Darjaling, Barma, Bhutan and others. The indigenous people like Satar, Rajbanshi, Tharu, Dhimal, Jhagad, Gangai and others were displaced and they had to go to India for refuge. The Tharu communities in west were illiterate and they had to become kamaiya for life. Kamaiya Tharu community became refugee due to misbehave towards them. Ultimately, they became displaced from their own land. King Mahendra had issued Land Reform Act, 1964. That law had determined the ceiling of ownership over the land but surplus land of property owners had not been distributed to indigenous terai residents, rather it has been used to influence the terai with Nepal. Because of that, they were compelled to leave terai and go to India. To divert the international eye about the Nepalese encroachment in terai, the government said that terai was full of Indian immigrants. The lie was similar to the ones made by Hitler’s Information Minister. In the beginning of ninth decade of twentieth century, Nepal government formulated a committee under the chairmanship of Dr. Harka Gurung to study and to make recommendation with their opinion about international and intra-national migration in terai belt. According to the report of Mr. Gurung, published in 1983, 38% people migrated in terai, among them 31.6% were from hilly area of Nepal,6.9% from Barma, Bhutan, China and India.

    After dissolving democratic government in support of army force, King Mahendra issues the Constitution in 1962. At first, chapter of citizenship has been included in that constitution. Article 8 (2) A of the Constitution provided to acquired citizenship to foreign nationals, who can speak and write Nepali Language. As result that foreigner of Nepali origin from different area like Barma, Bhutan, china, Tibet, and different areas of India such as Assam, Arunanchal, Meghalaya, Manipur, Misoram, Nagaland, Tripura, Dargiling, Kharsang, kalingpong, Banarash, Deharadun have been getting Nepali citizenship easily. The indigenous people of terai origin deprived from the citizenship. For the purpose to displaced, make them in minority and to exclude them from mainstream of political, social, economic, language, etc., Nepal government issued Citizenship Act, 1963.

    Constitution of 1990, which was promulgated after the restoration of democracy as a result of successful peoples’ movement, where terai peoples were also actively participating, had also followed the provision of undemocratic constitution, 1962 regarding citizenship. That Constitution also provided citizenship to foreigners of Nepali origin easily but indigenous people of terai had been deprived to get citizenship by accusing them as Indian like people of Westbengal, Bihar, UP, Uttaranchal etc. Commission constituted under the chairmanship of Mr. Dhanapati Upadhyay, in 1994, by Nepalese government had got findings that there were 34 lakhs people deprived from citizenship. So, the commission recommended to the government to provide citizenship by easier process. In April 1997, Mr. Bamdev Gautam, Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister constituted a Monitoring and Evaluation Committee under the leadership of Mr. Jitendra Dev to provide citizenship according to the recommendation of Dhanpati Commission, 1994 and Mahanta Thakur Working committee, 1995. Citizenship of about 30 thousands terrain people, which was handed over the Citizenship distribution team, distributed according to the committee constituted in 1997 was declared unconstitutional and void by Supreme Court of Nepal. After the order of the court, Government issued special order to the Chief district Officers to stop all transaction of those people, to cease property acquiring through the citizenship and to provide citizenship to the family on the basis of that citizenship. On July 2002, Supreme Court ordered to the people staying and working in Nepal and has not citizenship to get work permit. To work in own motherland naturally shows that they are being tagged as foreigners. It is true that in future they would be declared foreigner and exile them from their motherland. As result, more then 42 lakhs indigenous Terai people have been deprived to exercise their Human Rights and Fundamental freedom as stateless people.

    To make simplicity for providing citizenship, an amendment bill of Citizenship Act, 1963 was submitted to 18th session of parliament in 1999. At first the bill was passed by the House of Representative with of one mind of all parties. But because of the objection of CPN (UML) the bill was rejected by the majority members of the National Assembly and returned back to House of Representatives. After the bill return from upper house every other party except ruling party, Nepali Congress with Nepal Sadbhana Party taking neutral stand. NC again passed the bill on July 26, 2000 and sent it to king for acceptance but king Birendra didn’t put his seal on the bill. On February 20, 2001 after 8 months, King Birendra, taking an unconstitutional move, sent the bill to Supreme Court for legal opinion. Supreme Court gave its opinion that the bill was unconstitutional. The bill remained in palace for years. After the royal massacre king Gyandra took the throne. When Mr. Ser Bahadur Deuba became the Prime Minister, using the so called special power, decided to return the bill back from the palace to save the King’s face. In this way, in the name of Nepalese citizenship all the constitutional bodies like Legislature, executive and judiciary along with political parties are conspiring against the indigenous terai people, where as the Bhutanese refugees from Jhapa and Morang are easily getting citizenships.

    To control terai, the Nepalese government announced indigenous terai people SITA, JANAK and BUDHA as national heroes but the indigenous people have been chassed away in the name of immigrants like in the Fiji and Mauritius.

    In 1947, the British government divided Pakistan and India and freed them. In 1971, the East Pakistan, left Pakistan and became a new state Bangladesh. Today both Pakistan and Bangladesh are independent states. The Pakistani Panjabies are not termed as of Indian origin but as Pakistani themselves. The Hindus in Bangladesh are called Bangladeshi Hindus, not Indians. So, to term sons of terai motherland as Indian origin is entirely unpractical and unscientific. In 1816, the India had not been formed. So, to term the sons of terai motherland as Indians was just a conspiracy to humiliate and chess away the terai sons in coming time.

    After the restoration of democracy 1990, Prime Minister Krishna Prasad Bhattarai was asked during his India visit why madhesis were barred from Royal Nepalese Army. PM Bhattrai counter questioned why Indian Army didn’t admit people of Madhes.

    In 1992, during convention of Nepali Congress in Jhapa, then Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala announced that the ban on madhesis in army would be removed so that every community would get a share in national security. There had been unannounced ban on Madhesis in Nepalese army since the time of Prithvi Narayan Shah.

    It is necessary to point out that Indian army has a Gorkha regiment where many Nepalese get admitted each year. But it has not accepted any one from terai. For e.g, a Thakur from Banauli Mahottari went to Gorakhpur with Nepalese citizenship to apply for Indian army. After he was admitted, the Indian army officials found out that he was of terai origin. So, they terminated him from Indian army where as Rajput Regiment and Yadav Regiment have been established for terai origin Indians. Then why are the Terai sons banned from Gorkha Regiment?

    On one hand terai people have suffered the discrimination from India and one the other, they have been the victims of so called Nepalese nationalism and patriotism. Nepalese rulers and administrators have always focused on suppressing and exploiting indigenous terai people. They always provoke other communities against the terai people. They always humiliate indigenous terai people by saying madhesi, madhise, dhoti, Indian, bhaiya and others. This has resulted in mental torture and psychological effect in madhesi victims, but the victims from hills don’t suffer this. Many oppressed group like magar, gurung, tamang, newar, rai, limbu, khumbu majhi, bote, thami, damai, larki, chame, and others can proudly say they are Nepalese but this rights has been taken away from indigenous terai people.

    The mother tongue of terai people is termed as foreign language. According to Article 2 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948 and article 18(1) of constitution of Nepal, 1990, every community has rights to exercise their mother tong. So, Rajbiraj Municipality and Dhanusha DDC decided to use Maithili language officially along with Nepali language but the Supreme Court, on March 18 1998, issued an interim order to stop the use of Maithili language. Maithili linguist Amresh Narayan Jha coordinated the joint struggle committee formed to protect right to use own language. On June 1, 1999, the division bench of Supreme Court decided that no other language could be used as official language except the Nepali language in DEVNAGARI script. The national census shows that Maithili language is second most use language in the country. In the last three decades the Maithili population is increasing in 1.60% where as the Nepali population is increasing with 2.27%. Also the population growth of terai with Mithila Pradesh is 4.5%. If this situation carries on, the maithili speaking terai will be vanished in next 8 decades.

    Art and culture naturally determine the direction of social change and development. Our motherland terai boast ancient art and culture like Mithila, Kashi and Kaushal. To adulterate our original culture with Nepalese influence, various temples and houses are being built in imported Chinese pagoda style.

    We know from world history and political events that without autonomy, the suppressed group would never get true freedom. After Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) included the problems of terai residents in their agenda and policies, terai residents helped CPN (Maoist) for more then eight years in their armed struggle against the state but again become victims of disparity in the CPN (Maoist) itself.

    Instead of positive policymaking and correct exercise of power, CPN (Maoist) started the same old way of centralization and the discrimination against madhesies continued. In the nine years of Maoist insurgency (revolution), only one member of terai region got included in central committee and same was the case with Samyukta Krantikari Janaparishad.

    CPN (Maoist), who had the slogan of autonomy, itself appointed Nepalese from hills as district secretaries and in charge in many terai districts. Due to the discrimination against the fighters of terai origin in People Liberation Army (PLA), the fighters who came out of PLA never returned. Because of discriminating policies of CPN (Maoist), not even a squad of 99 members with terai origin could be formed. “Madhesi Rastriya Mukti Morcha (MRMM)”, the terai fraction of Maoist could not lead and be focal point of terai revolution. When the chairperson of MRMM and chief of Madhesi autonomous state, Matrika Yadav, were arrested the group could not even give a small resistant move. Every member of MRMM has moral obligation to resist that. So, many terai origin members of MRMM left MRMM formed an independent group Janatantrik Terai Mukti Morcha (JTMM) to bring terai revolution back to track.

    Terai includes 23.1% of total area of Nepal.70% of total cultivable land is in terai. 74% of paddy cultivation of Nepal is in terai and 80% of cultivable land in terai grows paddy. In 1965, terai’s paddy production ranked Nepal in fifth position in paddy export. Once, jute production in terai was ranked first. Not only the export of agricultural production, the export of forest products also came in top position. 65% of domestic products and 73% of industrial products come from terai. American researcher Fredrick Gaze’s research states that 75% of land revenue, 87% of forest resource, 93% of excise duty and 70% of custom duty come from terai. Terai region contributes around 77% of public revenue for the state. Even when terai is pillar of Nepalese economy, the quality of life has not been raised that much. According to UN development report, 24.44% of terai lower castes people are landless. It further says that 48.98% of terai lower castes are lamdless whereas only 15.32 of hilly lower castes are landless. Per capita income of a terai resident is less than that of hilly resident. A terai resident Rs. 7322 per annum, compared Rs. 8432 of a hilly person. In the same report, unemployment rate in Terai was 6.5% compared to 2.9% in the hills. Average remittance in terai person is Rs. 11178 and in hills is Rs. 20349. According to international standards, 66% are under poverty line, which consists 64% from hills and 68% from terai. And we say terai is more developed. Even when terai is called store of grains, Mishrilal Raya from Mahottari Shripur-7 went to Punjab in search of a job. His 25 year old pregnant wife Shivadevi committed suicide 3 days later together with her 3 year old daughter due to hunger on May 9,2004. In 2005, many people died which included children to elderly in terai due to cold winter. The death rate is very high in terai due to lack of food and clothes. This is what terai suffers in what we call “the digital age”.

    After the restoration of democracy, many partied like Nepali Congress, CPN (UML), Rastriya Prajantantra Party, Nepali Congress (Democratic), Nepal Sadhbhawana Party and others came to power. Even when the land ownership limit was decreased down from 25 Bigaha to 10 Bigaha, due to the conspiracies from palace and its supporters, the poor farmers, workers and Kamaiyas are still being exploited.

    88% of industrial investments and 99% of labour force in Nepal are based in terai. Around 80% of private companies’ owners are non-Nepalese. The Nepalese rulers, administrators and party leaders trouble the industrialists repeatedly with various reasons just because they are not offered suitable amount of money as bribes. The whole system is conspiring to chase away the non-Nepalese industrialists. That is why the economy of terai is going down day by day, resulting in the decrease in the quality of life in terai. On one hand, the state on the basis constitution and law is exploiting the terai residents financially whereas on other, CPN (Maoist) is looting the terai people in the name of voluntary donations.

    In the pretext to control insurgency, Royal Nepalese Army is looting, arresting, killing and raping many innocent and poor terai residents. CPN (Maoist) behavior is not so different from that of army’s. Maoist killed people who declined to give food, shelter and money by accusing them of being government spies. In the name of democratic culture, Maoists want to influence the original culture of Madhes with Nepalese culture. Madhesi people are haunted by violence, killings, rapes and looting from Maoists. Today, thousands of Madhesi people are in state prisons, army camps and Maoist labour camps undergoing mental and physical tortures. Thousands of disabled people and raped women are living in life as hell. Nepalese government and Maoist are both committed to suppress the terai revolution and stop its autonomy. We request you to verify by an independent source that how much Madhesis hate Nepalese rulers and Maoists. When Nepalese rulers and Maoists forcefully stopped every way to liberate terai, we have taken the responsibility to resist them and free terai. British rulers in India divided terai to give a fraction to Nepal. The terai residents in British-India, beginning with 1857, had sacrificed themselves to free India and after 90 years, they succeeded in 1947. They now live freely and with pride. However, for terai residents in this side, their life has been like hell. They live like slaves and outcasts. Terai people’s rights have been suppressed in an organised way. Every cry for freedom has been looked over. So we appeal to international community for help to liberate terai from Nepal and gain autonomy. 



Entry filed under: Articles.

Historical: An Excerpts from “THE CAPITAL OF NEPAUL” Discussion: Are you Satisfied ?

139 Comments Add your own

  • 1. Nage  |  April 4, 2007 at 1:16 pm

    Thanks for this infor
    It took be more than a hours to go through and really touch my heart .. we should not give up this time ,, now or never .. we should get victory this time.

    Jai Tarai

  • 2. Prithvi  |  April 5, 2007 at 5:33 am

    I am not sure whether you are the same Jay Krishna Goit, the leader of JTTM or somebody else. The article is really informative. Now, I can understand on what basis a separate Terai is being demanded.

  • 3. mukesh  |  April 5, 2007 at 6:54 am

    There is some logic behind it. But madheshi themselves are being puppet all the time.

  • 4. Dev  |  April 5, 2007 at 3:38 pm

    History has been studied since from childhood.What the hell this will implies.If historically everything is to achieve then why you guys dont try to get the land of Nepal up to Kashmir to Bengal( Tista to Satluj .

  • 5. Aryan Singh  |  April 5, 2007 at 4:15 pm

    Are u talking about Nepal? who and what the heck it is? is it the name imposed by coward pahade people , so called country? anyways it’s nice to hear that you’re gonna do something to get back the land from Bengal to Kashmir and upto Tista.
    Good luck Baby and dun try to wear ur freaking Dhaka Topi.

  • 6. Trib Choudahry  |  April 5, 2007 at 4:51 pm

    I think a number of things have not been included in the History of Terai – particularly the role of Tharus in making the bread-basket of Nepal when because of Malaria no-body else could venture into this part of the country. However, the analysis of the Madheshi’s condition is extremely well-done. Just go to US Emabssy in Washington, DC and try to find if there is even a Madheshi peon there.


  • 7. Sunil Kumar Chaubedi  |  April 5, 2007 at 10:40 pm

    What is your definition of Madhes? Who are Madhesis? People with certain last names? All bahuns, chetris and dalits of non-mongoloid features and came from certain parts of India. Only tharus are the authentic people of Terai.

    While developed countires like the Europe is trying to create a larger economic force by froging an alliance, we in Nepal are talking about dividing a small country?


  • 8. Ashok Kumar Jha  |  April 6, 2007 at 6:38 am

    No doubt, a well documented desciption of Madhesh history. However, a number of historical and cultural facts must be taken into account for a holistic picture, deities like Salhesh(siraha), Dina-Bhadri, Krishnaram(north of Rupani, Marauti), Lorik, Sen dynasty Kuldevata; apart from Videh, Birat, Lumbini, King Bali, Simraungadh,Vidyapati and so on.
    However I could not get the point about:on February 24, 1956, UN secretary General (Doug Hemmer Shold) asked Nepalese Government about any land under Nepal that was under section 73 of UN charter. Nepalese representating stayed mum on this matter. When the matter was asked again, Nepalese representate crossed all moral grounds and answered “No”. Nepalese Government sent a letter to UN to conform. (See: UN publication ST/DPI/SERA/73/Rev.1, page 8, 1 April, 1957). I would be greatful if aforesaid statements should be more elaborated. Thanks!

  • 9. Son of Tirhut  |  April 6, 2007 at 3:31 pm

    The best article written ever!!!!!

    Also i agree with Ashok Kumar Jha so now it is the time to declare the independent and fully autonomous.

    Jai Madhes!!!!!

  • 10. J  |  April 7, 2007 at 5:49 am

    UN publication ST/DPI/SERA/73/Rev.1, page 8, 1 April, 1957

    Can somebody post the content of the UN article the writer is stressing about. I couldn’t find it anywhere.

  • […] The land of Terai, presently under control of Nepal, is not the owned land of king, great king or Nepali. Terai is northern part of ancient city-states like Kaushal, Kashi, Mithila (Bideha), and their city states were initially under … – more – […]

  • 12. J  |  April 7, 2007 at 11:09 am

    I would really like to read
    UN publication ST/DPI/SERA/73/Rev.1, page 8, 1 April, 1957
    Can some body post the link? I am sure its available online.

  • […] The land of Terai, presently under control of Nepal, is not the owned land of king, great king or Nepali. Terai is northern part of ancient city-states like Kaushal, Kashi, Mithila (Bideha), and their city states were initially under … – more – […]

  • 14. Rajmaya Putwar  |  April 10, 2007 at 5:52 am

    I found the intersting discussion on Terai. It is quite clear who you are beign guided by. No problem. If you cannot stay with Nepal, no power will force you to do so. I know, IC is expeisive than NC.

    But Please let me know when are you going to quit Kathmandu Valley? All rich, able and efficient Madheshis are living in Kathmandu, doing busines, driving their cars and polluting this sacred valley. Why don’t they just go away? You enjoy Kathamndu and donate money to Terai movement so that poor Madehsis die? Is it justice?

    I don’t want to see any more Madheshi in Kathmandu Valley. YOu cannot win autonomous Madhesh and live in Kathmandu at teh same time. You have to let the people of Kathmandu to win their state so that you will be claiming your state in Madhesh. I’m right?

  • 15. Badri Nath Jha  |  April 10, 2007 at 9:55 am

    This is an eye opening history. Terai people should absolutely fight unto death for their rights and on the other hand his brethren in Indian side should also support with moral, money and muscle only then we can win the battle.

  • 16. Mukund Mohan  |  April 24, 2007 at 11:12 am

    I have frequented Southern Nepal touching Bihar border. I always thought people there were very poor. You guys contribute hell lot to economy of your country and you have very little returns and society full of discrimination. Common guys learn from East Timor and determine your destiny by yourself. Be free people in this free world. Rise and noone will ever be able to stop you.
    Mukund Mohan

  • 17. Mukund Mohan  |  April 24, 2007 at 11:13 am

    You guys can always count on atleast one Indian Brother of yours. Now I have decided to insult every Nepali I come across here in Bangalore.

  • 18. Manoj  |  May 20, 2007 at 6:09 pm

    Thanks a lot for this big hidden information. Pahadi government and their education always try to hide the history of tarai and MADHESHI people, and they teaches us about their own freaky bahaduri; big Cowards. Now I know why. It is clear that Pahadi are ruling Madeshi. They uses terai’s resourses for their own benifit.

    I will be very effective if every Madeshi know about this. It will be great if it is published in international media, Nepali’s national news paper (if possible) and Madhesi local news paper. If possible, in the form of booklet.

    “Let every Madhashi know about this so that they can rise their hand and ……… for their own FREEDOM.”

  • 19. saagar  |  June 21, 2007 at 8:40 pm

    hamar terai hamar desh…………………. apan bhasha apan bhesh…………………..jay madhesh………………

  • 20. Milan  |  June 27, 2007 at 7:06 am

    But we shouldnot forget that first we r Nepali . Together we can make new Nepal otherwise ????????????????????One thing I didn’t understand is that where is madesh? Is it in Nepal or India?

  • 21. rohit singh  |  July 14, 2007 at 10:07 am

    madhesh phir lautenge bharatdesh

  • 22. tharu  |  July 14, 2007 at 2:07 pm

    dear rohit singh ji,
    let me tell u something madesh is not bharatdesh. u people have also stolen madesh. madesh is independent. neither nepal or india.
    so get that in ur head.

  • 23. subhash  |  July 14, 2007 at 10:19 pm

    an awesome article
    thanx Goit Ji
    let this article spread to every madhesi home, and get united

  • 24. sudesh  |  July 18, 2007 at 2:25 am

    yes, i read this artical and know about hidden information about tarai and madhesi people. but you madhesi people don’t forget this,that time great britain want to captureing on nepal(that time many more state in nepal..prosess to intergreat in nepal). situation of people was very bad which where britain captured any country.so king prithvi don’t want this .they want to protect from britain to nepal( more state in that time in nepal ).
    and tarai people also sapport to king prithvinarayan shah.you don’t think nepali gov. prohibit any actvities to tarai people.you are free do any thing. but one thing seriouslly , you ask yourself ..what i’m not a nepali people ?

    and lission , don’t talk missunderstanding about nepal and nepalese people(specially to foregion people). be carefull.we don’t like this work,thigs. understand you .

  • […] la Rivoluzione del Popolo che ha portato alla fine della monarchia dipotica dei Re Gyandendra, la Rivoluzione dei Madheshi, la popolazione che abita la fascia boschiva (o selvaggiamente disboscata) del Terai, al confine […]

  • 26. nepali  |  July 25, 2007 at 12:28 pm

    i am a human being living in nepal. i come from a group of people from where the present BUDDHA has come. now tell me am i a pahadi or madeshi/terai. if people go by my surname they would call me pahadi as i have a mongoloid feature. anyways doesnt nepali mean the people living in this piece of earth called nepal. in this modern world where people migrate to different parts of world and become their citizens how does this matter. wats the use of this useless fighting. i know all of u believe in karma and next life. how can u be sure that a pahade will be born a pahade and madeshi a madeshi. we can be anything in the next life. so all of u including so called leaders who have taken up arms be careful of wat u do in this life as it determines what will happen to u in the next life. A PERSON IS DETERMINED BY WHAT HE/SHE IS NOT BY HIS/HER APPEARANCE OR FROM WHERE HE/SHE COMES. A GOOD PERSON IS A GOOD PERSON NO MATTER WHERE HE/SHE COMES FROM OR WHAT RACE HE/SHE MAY BELONG TO , SO IS AN EVIL PERSON AN EVIL PERSON. NO ONE CAN CHANGE THAT. SO MY FELLOW HUMAN BEING BE CAREFUL.
    may all of u be happy and live peacefully. may the ultimate one show mercy on the wicked

  • 27. Jai  |  July 29, 2007 at 6:39 am

    Very informative well done for your all hard work. Nepal should live in peace and harmony. I don’t know much about the history of Nepal since I studied in India but I am learning. I know one thing for sure I am Nepali and you are Nepali, where ever you are born believe me “United we stand divided we fall”. We are born as Nepali there should not be Madhesi or Pahadi, Bahun or Damai, Rich or Poor. We must learn to respact each other and be proud to be called Nepali.

  • 28. jai nepal  |  July 29, 2007 at 5:47 pm

    i second what ever has be posed by jai and nepali….i am with u guys
    nepal is the place to be and i am damn proud to be a nepali…and i will fight till the end to preserve the unity and bring peace to this nation

  • 29. sangeet  |  July 29, 2007 at 7:35 pm

    hey u Nepalese people why dont u patch up.
    One messuge for people from hills … u cant rule people who r smarter then u..

  • 30. falcon  |  August 4, 2007 at 4:55 am

    i salute you sir J.K. goit
    that was something madhesi s were hungry to know.
    I have printed the whole article. it was difficult to translate in maithli or bhojpuri. exact meaning is sometime lost when translating.
    i m just a kid . not matured enough to do this job.Anyway i gave it to
    jha uncle and his frens who have translated them into our languages.can you please translate it too and keep it in same website.
    this needs to be done.please lets do it. so that just litereate people in our places can fully understand. this will do a great as i believe.
    i think u know that many people think that they have really come from india due to century long psychological conditiong done by pahadiyas. let them know the truth.

  • 31. नेपाली  |  August 6, 2007 at 12:37 am

    हामी नेपाली सबै एक हौ । नेपालमा पूर्व मेची देखी महाकालीसम्म हिमाल, पहाड र तराइमा बिभिन्न जनजातीहरु छन्। मधेश, पहाड र हिमालका धेरैजसो भागमा बिभिन्न भिन्न भिन्न जातीहरु बसोबास गर्दै आएका छन् । सबै जनजातीका सामाजिक, आर्थिक समस्याहरु छन् । यो तथ्यलाई मनन गरौ। हरेक जनजाती आन्दोलित भैरहेको जस्तो लाग्छ, सरकारलाई अधिकारका लागी दवाव दिएका छन् । तर क्षेत्रीयता, जातीयता, भौगोलिकताको बिषय बनाएर विखण्डनवादी, हिंसात्मक गतिबिधी सान्दर्भिक छैन। यसको नाममा अनाहकमा नेपाली जनताको रगत बग्नु हुदैन। यस बिषयलाई शान्ती पुर्बक ढंगले अगाडी बढउनु त स्वाभाभिक मान्न सकिन्छ । तर हि‌सात्मक गतिबिधी गर्नु उचित होइन । यस बिषयलाई अतिरन्जित रुपमा नउचालौ। त्यसैले आफ्ना मागहरु शान्तीपुर्वक राखौ। नयाँ नेपालको परिकल्पना गर्दा, प्रमुख रुपमा बुझ्नु पर्ने कुरा के हो भने नेपालको उन्नती सबै वर्ग, समुदाय तथा भाषाभाषीको समस्या कसरी समाधान गर्न सकिन्छ, सबै नेपाली एकजुट भै लागौ । नेपालीको एकता कायम राखौ।

    तराई, पहाड, हिमालमा बस्ने सबै एकजुट भै नेपालको भविष्य उज्जवल बनाउनु पर्छ। हामी नेपाली सबै एक हौ।


  • 32. Deependra Dutta  |  August 23, 2007 at 12:11 pm

    hi,this is a lad from kathmandu originally from janakpur.I wanna say u all madesis people that we too r nepalese then why these pahdis r discarding us ..we have to snatch our power from those people,

  • 33. dhruba  |  August 27, 2007 at 7:21 am

    Always Nepali Madhesi leader wana to seperate pahare & madhasi people.Why not say to people to leave together or work together we all r only Nepali not other cast with us.So make peace from our side not to hear like thirdial leader speech we are capable to make peace and development in our country.So plz be aware of them.

    I am from Kathmandu but my birth place in birjung.

  • 34. Son of Tirhut  |  August 27, 2007 at 2:54 pm

    So u Khasiya Bahuns and Kshetris have finally realized to maintain peace in country so that agian you can divide and rule terai and rest of the country. We all madhesi brother must join hands with Janjati to achieve our goal otherwise it is difficult to acieve our goal. Madhesi and Janjati brothers please be aware of these khasiya(specially bahun khestri-sweet poison) people.

    Jai Madhes!!!!!

  • 35. Dr. Dhanakar Thakur  |  August 28, 2007 at 6:07 am

    An interesting account to read at.
    In 1816, India was not but Bharat has been since tome immeorial.
    Bharat is not a popitical but more a cultural entity.
    Calling Madhesh(or corrcetly Madhya desh) in between India and Nepal does not suit to the traditions as cultural Bharat extends from Himalayas to Samudra..
    (In fact Tibet was the Buffer State between India and China for long – that too was not a true Madhya desh..as our Mansarovar was in Bharat from where Sindhu and Brahmputra had origin..
    In Vishnupuran has been said;
    “uttarm Yat samudrasya Himadraschaiv Dakshinam
    varsham tad Bhartamnam ,Bharati yatra santatih;
    (north of seas and south of Himalayas, Varsh(desh) is Bharat, and Bharati are its offspring..”

    When historically you take any date why not the oldest possible date and data??
    I do not mean political unification but I mean cultural unity Himalayas to south is one.
    Bharat’s mainland had Muslim onslaughts and Eurppean conquests(not only of British but of French, Dutch,Portuguese too). We suffered a lot.
    Now the problem Nepal is facing was created by them- seeded by them.
    The language and culture cannot die- there is bound to be correctrive methods.
    Mithila has strong roots and I know Nepali Maithils are stronger to put their demands than Indian Maithils.

    People’s fundamental right should be preserved everywhere which includes their right to use mother tongue.
    We want friendly relations with our neghbours who are more than with Pakistan or Bangladesh..We Indian politically may be different but culturally are same.
    Culture is more important than politics which changes with the political dynasties..
    Culture does not change..
    How you can separate Mata janki from Sitamarhi or can fix her to Janakpur..She went Ayodhya and never returned..She was Jagadamba and this feeling if you would have you will realize that we all are one and are inseparable.
    Antarrashtriya Maithili parishad(of which I am the founder) is striving for this unity since its inception in 1993 and hopes a saner view will prevail among all for the path of development , restoring all fundamental democratic and other rights to every one, including Maithils who had been a neglected lot all over and all will contribute to peace and prosperity of every one, particularly the last man of the society.

  • 36. Tero Bajey from Madhes  |  September 18, 2007 at 7:23 am

    well said my lovely madhesi boy, i think this would be more than enuff to collect sympathy from whole world for Madhesis. I wonder why have u left the current scenario created by Madhesi revolutionary party like JTMM, its 4 babies , so called Tigers and Terai army and bla bla………and and the recent bombing in KTM that killed 3 innocent people. And the terai revolutionary groups who proudly take responsibility of it. Why don’t they bomb in concerned Minister’s quarter rather than in public micro bus, bus stops and bla bla….it’s really disgusting and totally disagreeable to pin point the pittiful side of Madhesis……..kill those basterds who placed the bomb and who r responsible for it. Don’t let Nepal be another Iraq showing the cause of descrimination done for Madhesis.

  • 37. Kehar Singh Shilpkar  |  October 4, 2007 at 8:45 am

    I want to say that there are some places initially of Nepal but these disetricts captured by British. Now at this stage Nepal to claim these district as Nepal is not justifiable. The tarai elka if initially of Madeshi which we win, how it can be claimed by Madeshi. Jo Jita Wahi Sikandar. Khun ki Nadi Bahegi but tarai can not go back to Madeshi. Iske liye pura Nepali apna Khun Baha Dega.

  • 38. It's Oppurtunists game  |  October 10, 2007 at 8:09 pm

    It’s all oppurtunists game, people who kill their fellow countrymen can never be a Nepali. Those people who are spreading violence in Terai are Indians these jwala,goit,tiger,cobra and all they are the hidden scalps. Had they been a true Nepali born in Nepal they would have never been killing Nepali people, Even there had been 12 years of Maoists insurgency but they never targetted one community and spread killings, because they were Nepalis no matter how brutal they were, but these oppurtunists who factioned themselves from maoists are here today for their personal desires and take advantage of this situation of this country. These people are to be killed sooner or there will be a situation when we also have to pick up weapons to defend ourselves. And cowards Indian killers cannot sustain longer in front of true Nepali son.
    So all Indian killers be aware your end is near.

  • 39. It's better giving these Indians 5, 6 districts  |  October 10, 2007 at 8:14 pm

    Indians! please let us leave in peace, we do not want bloodshed in this country so take your 5,6 districts and let us leave in peace. So we should leave siraha, saptari, bara,parsa, rautahat, mahotari to these people, let them find what they want. Best wishes for your indepndent state, but leave us alone. Please…….

  • 40. shree  |  October 14, 2007 at 12:40 am

    Dear J. K. Goait ; The above article was very informative and you did a good job by raising some of the terai concerns:: however do you think going back to the old days and provoking a civil war would be the solution??
    Listen my friend::
    1. If you think dividing is the solution then division has no destination (pahade:: madhese; then; Maithili::Bhojpuri; then; Shaha::Tharu; then Jha::mahato; then; Singh:: Goit And so on…).
    2. Racism comes only if you hate yourself or your own race. (Lets learn to respect ourselves and respect others to get it back)
    3. money is everything; you have money u get respect (no matter which race you belong to (This is kalyug)
    4. If you go back to the hystery (there was one world, no bounderies only peace and harmony)
    Dr. Dhanakar Thakur**
    5. Nepal is in critical condition hence not only madhesis; but every race has same issues.
    6. Gun might make you the leader of Madhes but Pen can make you the leader of Nepal.

    Dr upendra mahato Vs Jwala singh (Lets choose a role model for our son/daughter)
    “Lets respect our nation and lets not blame others for what we’ve become; If we get engaged in civil war, there will be no more pahade or madhese”

  • 41. Pahadey  |  December 21, 2007 at 2:46 am

    I didn’t know i was called Pahadey until i read this article and people living in terai madhesey.

    When i lived in Nepal, i thought everyone were same people that is human.

    I take interest in World History not only in small nepalese history.
    Look at the World History what happened Yogoslavia, just like Nepal they wanted separate autonomous region and landed up with lot of bloodshed and separate country like crotia,bosnia,serbia…..

    Its few smart corrupted humans who mislead innocent public everywhere around world in the name of Ethnicity,Religion,Terrorism whether it be developed country like USA or developing country like Nepal.

    But the fact is no matter who you are, Rich are respected around the world and poor get no respect.

    So its upto individual to think and decide not just believe what was the history, we have to creat hisotry but changinig the way we think.

  • 42. Dr Ramesh  |  February 5, 2008 at 11:30 am

    Interview with J.K. Goit(JMMM)
    Patrakar: Goitji, Tapai malai saral vasha ma vannus ki tapai ko yo Ladai ko kaaran ra uddheshya ke ho?
    Goit: Hernus, shatabdi dekhi Madhesi haru Anyaya ma pareka chhan, Pahade le thicheka chhan uniharu lai, Anyaya gareko chha. Hamro “Sashshtra Ladai” tyo Anyaya ko birodh ma ho. Patrakar: Hoina Goitji, Tapai Anyaya ma pareko cha Madheshi haru vannu hunchha, ti Anyaharu ko example haru chha tapai sanga?
    Goit: Kina nahunu, prasastai chhan. Hernus Nepal ko total territory ko 20 % vu-vag Terai ma parchha, tara “Pahade shasak” harule Terai ma Nepal ko 70 % industry lagai diyeka chhan. Tapai kalpana garna saknu hunchha, ytasale garda Terai ma ke vai raheko chha. Ek ta hamro krishiyogya jamin kam hudai gayeko chha, ra Madhesi haru vokai mari rahechhan, dosro kura- pollution- Terai ko hawa kharab vai rahechha- Manis birami pareka chhan. Yo “Genocide” ho Pahade le Madhesi ko againgt ma gareko. Yo just “Genocide” ho. Pheri arko example, Mahendra Highway pani Terai mai banai diye Pahadiya harule. Bus ra truck ko dhuwale hami Madhesi haru ko Fokso ko rog lagi rahecha- ke tapai yeslai “Genocide” vannu hunna? Ti factory haru Humla ma banauna sakthe, khotang ma banauna sakthe, highway Pahad ma banna sakthyo—Tara tyahako batabaran pure chha, Madhesh lai matra dushit gariyeko chha- Ke yo “Genocide” hoina? Aba hernus, Terai ma kati Irrigation Project banaidiyeka chhan “Pahadiya Shasak Bargale”—Bagmati Irrigation Project, Kamala Irrigation Project, Tystai Babai, Morang –Sunsary, Rapti,Koshi – sab ka sab Terai ma chhan. Pahile Pahadiya le gareko phohor Nadile sidhai bagayer India puryai dinthyo, tara Irrigation Project banepachhi, ti sabai fohor hamro Gau-Gau pugeko chha, khet –khet ma pugeko chha. Fohor le garda Madhesh durgandhit vako chha, ke tapai yeslai “Genocide” mannu hunna?
    Patrakar: Ma manchhu tapai haru lai sarai Anyaya vako raichha. Tara Terai ma basne innocent Pahade haru lai marera yesko samadhan kasari garne sochnu vayeko chha ta?
    Goit: Hernus, hamro “Ladai” Madheshi ko “Identity” ko lagi ho. Jaba samma identity pura hudaina, taba samma , yo ladai vai rahanchha. Ma tapai lai euta interesting kuro sunauchhu(..hasdai…). Yo kuro mero bihe ko ho. Mero bihema jaba hami bariyati(janti) liyera India ko euta gauma pugeun, keti ko tarfa bata hamilai vetna nikai tadha manis ayeka thiye. Uniharu le sodhe- Nepal se aye hai? Hamile vanyeu- Ha, Nepalse. Ra uniharu sangai hami keti ko ghar pugyeun. Karib aadha ghanta pachhi, just swayembar vanda 5 minute pahile matra thaha chalyoki hami ta arkai keti ko ghar ma po aipugeka rahechhaun. Kaaran, tyo gau ma tyas din Nepal bata 2 wata bariyati audai rahechha ra keti bala Nepal se vanepachhi jhukkiechhan. Dhanna kehi tyasto apriya ghatana huna payena. Tara tyas din mero manma euta thulai ghau paryo, jo aaja samma pani niko vayeko chhaina. Kura ke ho vane hamilai Madheshi ta Nepal ma matra, Pahadiya le matra vando rahechha, Indian harule hamilai Nepali po vando rahechha. Hamilai Madheshi kasai le mandaina yo world ma , even India le chindaina- yo bado dukh ko kuro ho. Hamro identity chhaina. Hamro Identity ko lagi Pahade strong hunu jaruri chha. Pahade navaye hamro identity automatically khattam huncha. Aba hernus Terai ma basne pahade le Pahade pana bhuli sakyo ra u Madheshi jasto vayo. Tyasta pahade bata hamilai khatara chha, hamro identity lai khatara chha. Tyasai le hami chhani chhani tyasto Pahadia lai marchhau, jo Madheshi jasta vaisake—aba vannus sabai Padiya Madheshi jasta vai hale vane, hamro Identity danger ma parchha ki pardaina. Hamilai afno Identity ko lagi Pahade chahincha chahincha. Pahade haru jun din strong hunchhan, tyo din hamro Identity pura clear hunchha.
    Patrakar: Ani yo division ra seperation ko kuro kina ta?
    Goit: Tapai bujhnus na , yo sab Pahade lai strong banauna gardaichu. Jati division ra seperation ko nara majbut hunchha, tyatinai Pahade Nationalist haru ko pakad badhchha, Pahade jati strong hudai janchhan, tyatinai Madheshi ko identity clear hunchha.
    (It’s a fiction)

  • […] alla Rivoluzione del Popolo che ha portato alla fine della monarchia dispotica di Re Gyandendra, la Rivoluzione dei Madheshi, la popolazione che abita la fascia boschiva (e selvaggiamente disboscata) del Terai, al confine […]

  • 44. praksh  |  February 15, 2008 at 3:13 am

    Madhesh does not exist in Nepal’s history, geography: Keshav Prasad Mainali PDF Print E-mail
    Thursday, 07 February 2008



    Those who had come from the Madhya Pradesh of India and settled here are called Madhesis and tarai is not Madhesh. I am puzzled why those who are in power and the big parties are giving so much importance to Madhesh and the Madhesis.

    The government does not care about it. It is not heard that this country should not be divided in Susta. But when talk about this to the leaders, they say the bigger fish swallows the smaller one. They also say, one should not quarrel with the neighbour for a few metres of land. This also confirmed our fear that the country is heading towards division. Our Chure-Bhavar is pushing its own agenda and issue. We don’t accept any Madhesh in the Terai and we are working with all our might for national integrity.

    Issues, like secularism and religion, republic and federalism should only be decided by the government and parliament that has received the fresh mandate of the people. What right the government and the parliament that was picked up and selected has to decide on those issues. This is only a ploy to make the parliament that has gained the people’s mandate a mere rubber stamp.

    What kind of representative will we be electing on the votes given by those who are not the real citizens of this country? We are doubtful about whose vested interest will be fulfilled by this. We have also talked about sealing the border because there are elements from across the border coming into Nepal and involved in killing, murder, abduction and others. We must be free from fear of bullet and threats. The CA election should only be done after meeting our 9-point demand.

    ImageKeshav Prasad Mainali is chairman of the Chure-Bhabar Ekata Party. He got involved in politics in 2024 BS from Nepal Student Union and he was also president of the Nepali Congress’s Sarlahi district committee. Mainali talked to People’s Review on the existing political situation and especially focusing on the tarai agitations and movement.

    Q. The Chure-Bhabhar Ekata Samaj had suddenly come into limelight and now it has remained quiet and even looked complacent? Why is it?

    A. We have not remained quiet. Any group is in the limelight if it is into agitation. But now we are forming our own militia, that is why we look to be quiet and complacent, which we are not.

    Q. Why are you forming militia group?

    A. The unnecessary agitations and movements in the tarai has endangered the country’s unity, integrity and nationalism. Therefore, to prevent the country from splitting up and to raise arms if necessary we are forming our own militia.

    Q. How do you look at the Madhesi’s movement in the tarai?

    A. There are attempts to break up the country in the name of tarai movements. No constitution of Nepal has mentioned the name Madhesh. Therefore, there are attempts to create terror and panic by bringing in the word Madhesh, which does not exist in our constitution and law. We oppose this. Those who had come from the Madhya Pradesh of India and settled here are called Madhesis and tarai is not Madhesh. I am puzzled why those who are in power and the big parties are giving so much importance to Madhesh and the Madhesis.

    Q. You say when there is no Madhesh, how can there be Madhesis, but the government has already accepted their existence?

    A. This is the irony and absurdity. The government has accepted the existence of something which is not there in reality. Therefore, those who are in power are creating division in the country. When we tried to find the origin of Madhesh, we found in a dictionary the word Madhesh, according to which Madhesh is an area in Mohat of India. We have not accepted any area called Mohat in India. Now, in our agitation we will burn the page of the constitution which contains the word Madhesh because one cannot create separation in the country by using the word which does not exist.

    Q. Then what is the agitation that is raging in Madhesh?

    A. The present agitation in Madhesh is a separatist movement. Earlier, we had called it as the movement against the Pahadis and the Madhesis. But those who are the new arrivals in tarai and calling themselves as the dhartiputra (sons of the soil) are into chasing people of the hill origin and who had been permanently settled there. Therefore, it is a separatist movement. When people like Rajendra Mahato, who despite being in the government, chanted ‘Pahadis go to the hills or on the other side of the Chure’, it clearly oozes the smell of separatism. But the government does not care about it. It is not heard that this country should not be divided in Susta. But when talk about this to the leaders, they say the bigger fish swallows the smaller one. They also say, one should not quarrel with the neighbour for a few metres of land. This also confirmed our fear that the country is heading towards division. Our Chure-Bhavar is pushing its own agenda and issue. We don’t accept any Madhesh in the tarai and we are working with all our might for national integrity.

  • 45. Thought  |  February 18, 2008 at 12:38 pm

    What is this? Fine and agreed the fact that there has been problems.. but instead of sitting down and finding solution to the problem why are you creating another problem.. I respect the difference of opinion but think people think!!! Some agents are trying to lure us to work against unity.. don’t forget United We Stand and Divided, We Fall into some other colony.. and this time it will not be Nepal.. Open your eyes.. and think!! Don’t get inspired or blindfolded by the environment.. If you cannot put off fire at least do not oil it…

    A humble request to all the people of Nepal.. do not break it apart… else nothing will be left…

  • 46. yogesh Jha, Boston  |  February 23, 2008 at 11:36 pm

    We are Nepali and then Madheshi, we don’t want single Madesh a seed of destruction. We want well developed and literate Madesh with leaders without selfishness, not like bihari style.
    We don’t need your weapon to get our rights. If you really want and working for the people of madesh please we request you to use your weapon to punish leaders like JP Gupta, M Thakur, U. Yadav and other who don’t want developed and peaceful tarai and madesh region. They want to erase our History and wants to sell our holy mother land for their own benefit.

    Please don’t kill any people (pahade or madheshi). Its enough. We want peace and developed madhesh. For that if you need me I am ready to help you.

  • 47. Surya Khatri  |  February 24, 2008 at 8:56 am

    Mr. Writer
    Why don’t you say, you like to be a part of India. You f****** people always thought India as your mother and Nepal as your temporary habitat. Except Tharus, and ethnic castes all other are Indians. Its a pity that Nepal’s weaknesses led the government to give them citizenship. In fact, if you really start discriminating pahades and madhesis, we will be forced to do another revolutionary attempt to make you understand that Terai is infact Nepal. Don’t try to wash brains by creating myths in the name of history. You the author is an Indian Tatto, playing games with thousand of lives. You can merge urself to Bihar and UP, lets see where you will be happy?? In India or In Nepal.

  • 48. yeskumar  |  February 24, 2008 at 11:48 am

    just bakumfusse gaf. It is said that people started living in cave, used stone as to kill animals, eat meat without cooking. so the best idea is now all should send to cave/stone age period.

  • 49. JAI EK MADHESH EK PRADESH  |  February 25, 2008 at 3:16 pm

    Thanks Goit Jee, Now the time is arriving for becoming sparate nation. A lot of thanks for your long time effort. May god bless you long life.

  • 50. rohit singh  |  March 11, 2008 at 9:19 am

    dera all

    Hatred has no end , a society is like a garden were hundred flowers bloom , please learn to love , all himalayas and terais
    are one . all world is a family , hatred has no limit .

    Live and let live , nepal india all are one people , dont destroy
    ourselves , LOVE and spread LOVE

  • 51. rahul sharma  |  April 17, 2008 at 4:42 am

    mr J. K. Goait dont u think ur article on history of terai is only focused on politics.
    i think this type of article cant give information to people but can destroy peace and democracy of nepal.
    you being a very intelligent madhesi why are you willing to separate terai from nepal?
    do u think that the terai is possible without nepal?and also nepal will be handicapped without terai.
    so i wanna suggest u to take participate in making new nepal.
    because u r nepal’s and madhesi’s need in present time

  • 52. Rakesh Roshan  |  April 17, 2008 at 7:12 am

    Surya Khatri Jee, I read your comment but thats seems views of frog inside of well. I think, its better to visit Terai & talk to yr ancinter if existing & try to know reality. Don’ t blame any one as Indian. We proud to be Nepali but madheshi also. All pahadi is either migrated from Hilly areas or Dargling, Assam, Nagaland, Deharadun. Janakpur, Biratnagar, Hethauda is mention in Ramayan, Mahabharat.
    So, Its better to shake hand to develop country. Be a responsible citizen of Nepal. Change bad mentality as soon as possible.
    Nothing u will gain absuing any one.
    You may send yr comment or discussion on rakeshstudent44@yahoo.com

  • 53. Maheshwar Chaudhary  |  June 3, 2008 at 12:12 pm


    Subodh K. Singh
    Political Analyst, Nepal
    Right is right, even if everyone is against it;
    and wrong is wrong, even if everyone is for it.
    – William Penn
    There lies at the foothills of the Sumeru (Himalayas) the land of the Tharus, popularly known as the Terai or Tharuhat which issued enlightened Buddha, Emperor Ashok, Gargi, Amshu-Varma, Bhrikuti, Dangisharan, Ratannath Yogi and Sen and Singh Kings of the Terai. (K.C. 1971: 31) states that Gautam Buddha was born in the Gandaki basin of Nepal under the satin of the shimmering Annapurna, Macchapuchre (the Fish tail) and Dhaulagiri Himalayas, and that he was deeply influenced by the Buddhist free thinkers in his native city of Kapilvastu… Early in life he was married to his cousin Yasodhara who, like her mother, was of Koli stock, and lived with her amidst birds and flowers and gazelles along the slopes of the blue midland mountains chasing clouds-capes which created a chiaroscuro of light and shade. He categorically mentions that Gargi Lopa was the ancestor of the Sam-buddha (page 329). It was Gargi who challenged the Brahmanic leader Yagyavalka and totally defeated him by her powerful arguments to the effect that examples from the real life and death of men and of the universe would be much more useful than the precept of the incomprehensible Three Vedic Steps of Vishnu. Unable to find a practical answer the priestly leader Yagyavalka admonished her from proceeding further with her unnecessary questions under the threat of beheading Gargi Lopa. She had no option but to sit down and mask her hatred of the arrogant Brahmanic patriarch under the feminine cloak of sufferance. How that heated scene has survived with us even to this day, – the brilliant argument of the woman philosopher and the angry voice of the Brahmanic saint, who threatened to kill those who did not agree with him! (K.C. 1971: 31).
    In order to understand the meaning of Sambuddha I would like to quote T.W. Rhys Davids where he mentions that Samma is perfect, complete in all its parts; and Sambuddba is merely, as we should say, “A very Buddha,” He further states that “A very Buddha,” one who has the insight and can also make others see, appear in the world, and hap: are they who meet him.
    Terai is not Madhesh
    It is important to explain here that the Terai is not Madhesh, and Madhesh is a word derived from Madhyadesh or the Majhimdesh (middle country). The boundaries of the Majhimdesh or the middle country have been refereed to and explained in both Brahmanical and Buddhist literature of the ancient past. It is described as that area lying to the east of River Saraswoti and to the west of the Kalakvana or Black forest somewhere near Prayag. Altogether fourteen out of the sixteen Mahajanapadas or the states that existed in ancient India during the time of Buddha were said to have been the part of the Majhimdesh. They are: Kasi, Kosala, Anga, Magadha, Vaji, Malla, Cetiya (Cedi), Vamsa (Vatsa), Kuru, Panchala, Maccha (Matsya), Surasena, Assaka and Avanti (Law 1979: 2). These fourteen Mahajanapadas are now either part of Uttar Pradesh or Bihar state of India. This would certainly help one to understand that the Teral lowland of Nepal was never a part of Madhyadesh and in no way can be branded as Madhesh. It is important to point out here that none of the eminent Indian or foreign authorities has stated that the Terai was Madhesh, and the obvious reason is that the latter never existed in the Terai. The word “Madhesh” was coined by the Shah and Rana rulers with a view to degrade the status of the vanquished Tharu rulers of the Terai.
    (K.C. 1971: 6) states that we find the first reference to the glorious tribe of Sakys in the verses 422-423 of the ancient Buddhist text, Suttanpato dating back to the sixth century B.C., in which our Seventh Tathagat Sakyamuni tells in his own Prakrit language about himself and his country of origin to King Bimbisara in the latter’s capital of Rajgrha as follows:
    “Ujum janapado Raja Himvantassa passato…..”
    To render the two entire verses into English “Up there, o King, there is a republican country at the foot of the Himvant dowered with strength and wealth, on the border of Kosli. From that people I descend; I am by birth a Sakya. I have renounced that home, and long no more enjoyment. I have seen that enjoyment is suffering and I try to avoid it. I go forward fighting and in this my soul rejoices.”
    The aforesaid saying of the Buddha clearly reveals the fact that the Terai was never a part of Madhyadesh, and thus it cannot be labeled as Madhesh.
    Paharization of the Terai
    According to my book, The Great Sons of the Tharus: Sakyamuni Buddha and Asoka the Great”, paharization of the Terai, the land of the Tharus, started after the unification of Nepal, as the Shah and the Rana rulers saw the virgin Terai as a source of revenue and distributed land to the courtiers and to the army generals and colonels to garner their support (Shrestha 1990: 172-174) states that the Rana rulers were no less interested in attracting the paharis (hill people) to relocate to the Teral and achieve the goal of paharization of the Terai. So the Ranas adopted two liberal solutions;
    (1) to encourage the settlement of runaway slaves and debtors and
    (2) to continue to emphasize immigration, free movement of people from other countries, particularly from across the border in northern India”. It can be said that Tharuhat can be demographically termed as a replica of Nepal, a yam between two boulders, as being sandwiched between the Indian and the pahari immigrants that swarmed the Terai after the eradication of malaria in the 50s and the 60s.
    (Gurung 1998: 27) explains by pointing out the census of 1991 that hill-to-Terai flow was dominant pattern of in-immigration. Hill migrants destined to the adjoining Terai region constituted 70.8 percent in the eastern Terai, 42.9 percent in central Terai, 83.6 percent in western Terai, 65.6 percent in mid-western Terai and 53.8 percent in far-western Terai. These data explain how the indigenous people were displaced from their own land, and how paharization took its roots in the fertile land of Terai.
    Influx of Indians in the Terai
    Similarly, various scholars have explained about the influx of Indians in the Terai. The Citizenship Act of 1953 allowed the Indian to immigrate to Nepal and acquire Nepalese citizenship without hindrances. (Dahal 1978: 67) says that the Citizenship Act of 2009 B. S (1953 A. D.) was rather loose requiring only a five-year stay in Nepal to hold Nepalese citizenship. He adds that in the general election of 1959, most of the Indian settlers in Nepal were included in the voter’s list. Thus the liberal attitudes of the early interim government towards the immigrants from India to Nepal were also responsible for the increase of the Indian population in the country.
    According to (Gurung 1998: 34-36), the lowland, particularly the Terai, has emerged as the prime destination of migrants in Nepal in recent decades. Migration trajectories directed to the Terai have two main sources. One is external, from across the border in India and another is internal, originating in the highlands. Both represent movement of population from a high-to low-pressure area. The international boundary between Nepal and India is not regulated regarding human movement. Neither is there any physical restriction, as two-third of the boundary traverses a level plain. The main reason for immigration seems to be the low density of population in Nepal Terai. In 1961, the average density of Bihar districts was two to three times higher than eastern Terai, and that of Uttar Pradesh districts three to four times higher than the Central Terai. Although such disparities in crude density have declined in recent decades, Indian states across the border are over-populated. Measurement of pressure of rural population on land resources showed that Bihar and Uttar Pradesh contiguous to Nepal has the highest level of overpopulation in India. Therefore, the demographic pressure operating in densely populated middle Ganges plain has affected Nepal Terai as its obvious extension through migration.
    (Joshi and Rose 1966: 7-8) state that the hill people were reluctance to move to this hot, fever-ridden area, the Terai was opened to settlement by plains dwellers from across the border. Thus even today most persons of the cultivator class and several of the landowning and commercial families in the Terai are Indians in origin and still have extensive kinship and marriage ties across the border.
    Joshi and Rose further explains that the opening of the Nepal Terai to cultivation in the nineteenth century A.D. attracted numerous settlers from India, some of whom later moved into the hill areas as merchants or to Kathmandu as politicians, government servants, and teachers.
    (Regmi 1988: 114) says that more important, the early Rana rulers like their predecessors, actively encouraged immigration from India into the Terai region… There are numerous references to the open immigration policy followed by the pre-Rana rulers for agricultural development in the Terai region during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. The Ranas continued this policy and implemented vigorously.
    Why Terai is known as Tharuhat?
    Let me recapitulate that the Terai was known as abahat in Persian language which means swampy and marshy region, and because it was the land of the Tharus it came to be known as Tharuhat. The obvious reason is that the Tharus have been living in the Terai since time immemorial. Robert Gersony in Sowing the Wind explains that they have lived for such a long period in the Terai that they are considered virtually indigenous. They survived in the area because of a partial immunity to malaria. Research suggests that Tharus have a genetic resistance to the disease through the athalassaemia gene, which decreases malaria morbidity up to tenfold.* Duncan Forbes while describing about the dense forest of Chitwan in his book ‘The Heart of Nepal” states that more dangerous than the tigers, rhinoceros and elephants that roam there, however, is the anopheles mosquito, bearer of the deadly “aul” malaria, which in the part meant probable death to any outsiders trying to cross the doons (inner Teral) in the rainy or autumn seasons… But the reality of course, it was the mosquito that kept the country reserved for one race only- the Tharus- who had developed a measure of immunity from the disease.
    (According to Tucci 1962: 74), the Terai is one of the largest jungles in India: its dense forests run like a girdle inside the southern frontiers of Nepal and act as defense… But it must not be thought that because the Terai is unhealthy it is devoid of life; there is no place and no danger that can halt migrations searching for fresh habitations. Even into such places one of the ethnic mosaics of Nepal found its way in ancient times, this race is the Tharu. They have not despaired, and with great toil and diligence have cleared broad oases of cultivation in the dense of the forest. Their homes are comfortable, usually clean, and built in a manner that makes the summer heat more bearable.
    Oldfield writes, “The Nipalese are averse to the “cleaning” of these forests, as they look upon the malarious jungle at the foot of their hills as the safest and surest barrier against the advance of any army of invasion from the plains of Hindustan”. Previous to the first Nepal war, the Duns of Chitwan and Makwanpur were extensively cultivated; but since the peace of 1816 the Gorkha government, from motives of policy, has caused the inhabitants to abandon the greater part of them, and they have been allowed to revert to their natural state of forest and grass jungle (Regmi 1988: 12).
    According to Cavenagh, Hetauda was “a great emporium for trade and during the cold seasons was a considerable village, but being considered one of the unhealthiest spots in the Terai, from April to November is almost deserted.” This clearly explains why the Tharus were the only people residing amidst the deadly mosquitoes of the Terai.
    Mahesh Chandra Regmi quotes Hamilton and states that the Narayani-Arra belt in the western Nepal comprised several market-towns, including Butwal, Koilabas and Captaingnj. Butwal was the most important of these towns. It was “a considerable mart’ even during the early years of the nineteenth century, although it was “so dreadfully unhealthy, that no one resides there in the rainy season”.
    Similarly the easternmost portion of the Terai region, situated east of Kosi River and west of the Mechi River, known as Morang, was then mostly under forest… The reason why the Morang region long remained largely under forest can be easily explained, for it was “the most malarious and unhealthy district in the whole of Terai (Regmi 1988: 152- 153).
    The far-western Terai region, which came under Nepal’s control in 1858 A.D. was largely under forest throughout the nineteenth century. In 1876, Girdlestone noted that the region “contains large tracs of forest and grazing ground, but agriculture is far from general owing to the prevalence of malaria in the rains (Regmi 1988: 154).
    The aforesaid environmental and climatic descriptions of the Terai during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries explain why the Terai belt of Nepal was reserved for only one race- the Tharus, and this is the very reason why the Terai is called Tharuhat, the land of the Tharus, even to this day.
    [* The author is a Masters Degree Holder in Political Science from Tribhuwan University, Nepal; Excerpts from author’s book, “The Return of the Mauryas”, NRS: 200, US$ 10-Ed]
    2007-12-11 20:06:25

  • 54. Maheshwa chaudhary  |  June 5, 2008 at 11:21 am


    United Tharu National Front Nepal (UTNFN), an umbrella organisation of 15 Tharu organizations, today demanded that the government make an amendment to the interim constitution, which has mentioned all districts in the plains as “Madhes” .
    Article 21 of the constitution mentions 20 districts lying in the plains a Madhes. The UTNFN said it is opposed to this classification because it does not reflect the identity of the Tharu Community.
    The Interim Constitution has categorized even the Tharus, who are indigenous community for the Terai, this region has been known as the “Trerai” for long, Yogendra Tharu, the UTNFN , said.
    Surendra Pandey , a leader of the CPN-UML and member of the government team that held talks with the UTNFN , said that both the sides had agreed to discuss the issue with the speaker, government talks team, UTFN and chief whips of the eight parties in the next meet. Minister for peace and reconstruction Ram chandra Poudel has led the government team.
    Yogendra tharu said that even the first amendment of the constitution has used the term Madhes. An appropriate name should be given to 20 district in the plains only after consultation with all the communities, including the Tharus, he said.
    The Himalayan Thursday, September 13,2007

  • 55. thamson, un  |  June 24, 2008 at 11:31 pm


  • 56. S. Nepali  |  July 7, 2008 at 9:03 am

    यो मदेशबाद अहिलेको हैन भारत स्वोतन्त्रता सँगै नेहेरु र इन्दिरा गान्धी जस्ता अन्ङ्रेजको गुलाम हुँदा सिकेको अधिनायकबाद अरु छेमेकी राष्ट्रमा लदने क्रममा नेपाललाई आफ्नो भुमिमा गाभ्न बनाएको ग्राइन्द डिजाईन अन्तर्गत कै राष्ट्र बिभाजन नारा हो । पहिले भारतीएलाई नेपाल छिराउ, भारतीएहरुको जनसंख्या बदाउ र पछी छेत्रीय स्वयतातको नारा निकालेर सर्वोभउम राष्ट्र बिभाजन गराउ वा सके राष्ट्रनै गाभउ । यस्तै यी भारतीयहरु ले श्रीलन्कामा गरे, सिक्किममा गरे, अब नेपालमा गर्दै छन । हाम्रो देशमा रहेको अपार जलश्रोतमा कब्जा जमौन, छेत्रीय अधिनायकबाद लादन हाम्रो देशमा अस्थिरता बनाउदै छन । हैन भने हिजो माओवादीलाई भारतीए भुमिमै गृह युद्ध गर्न सिकाए तर विश्वको अगाडि चै आतंककारी हो भने, अहिले यी मदेशबादी लाई पनि त्यसरीनै प्रयोग गर्दै छन । यी भारतीये नेताहरुको कामनै अरु देशमा बिभाजन गर र राज जमाउ निती आपनौदै छन । तर यीनिहरु भुल्दैछन भोली एही नितिले सिङो भारतलाई उत्तर कम्युनिष्ट भारत, दक्षिण प्रजातान्त्रिक भारत र पछीम ईस्लामिक भारत मा तुक्रेऔने छन भनेर । बेलइमा यी भारतीए उग्र महोत्वाकान्छी आधीनाएकबादी नेताहरुमा सद बुद्धी पलावस र नेपालको सर्यभोउमिकता र आँखन्दतामा आच नपुराउन । जय नेपाल !

  • 57. नेपाल  |  July 8, 2008 at 1:24 pm

    देश टूक्राऊन लागि परेकाहरू। भारतीय दलालहरू।

  • 58. Arjun  |  July 28, 2008 at 5:39 pm

    Goait Ji

    You are spliting Hindus into Pahadi and Madheshis. Are you Muslim Pakistani agent or a Christian agent?

    No to division.

    Long Live RSS
    Long Live BJP
    Long Live Shive Sena
    Long Live Bajrang DAl


    Long live Hindtu Rastra Nepal

    Long Live Hindus of Nepal and India as comrade in arms.

    Jai Maha Kali

    Jai Durga

  • 59. Amit Yadav  |  July 28, 2008 at 5:48 pm

    Madheshis are not Indians and not Nepali. They are Muslims trying to create new Pakistan by spliting Hindu Nepal. They are all Muslims. Jwala Sing’s real name is not Nagendra Paswan it is Nadeem Yusuf Ansari.

  • 60. Himanchu Sahadev, Lucknow  |  July 28, 2008 at 6:15 pm

    A Hindu means a person who regards this land of BHARATVARHSA, from the Indus to the Seas as his Father-Land as well as his Holy-Land that is the cradle land of his religion.

    From this definition it is very clear that the Vedics, Jains, Sikhs, Buddhists, Lingayats, Aryas etc and all tribals are called as Hindus. Because all these people have only one Holyland – Hindusthan, only one fatherland – Hindusthan. Their panthas may differ. But their nationality is one that is nothing but, the Hindu Nationality.

    So called Indian Muslims & Christians cannot be called as Hindu because their Holyland is not the Hindusthan but Arabsthan and Rome are their Holylands.Muslims and Christians cannot be called as nationals unless they abandon their faith in antinational religions like Islam and Christainity and also unless they embrace again their original religion from which they were forcibly converted to their present status.

    Japanese and Chinese are also cannot be treated as Hindus because their fatherlands are Japan & China respectively.

    The Hindus are a Nation by themselves

    Pseudo secularists always raise one question and challenge us – “How the Hindus who differ so much amongst themselves in every detail of life could at all be called a nation as such ?

    To them our reply is that no people on the earth are so homogenous as to present perfect uniformity in language, culture, race & religion.

    A people is marked out a nation by themselves not so much by the absence of any heterogeneous differences amongst themselves as by the fact of their differing from other peoples more markedly than they differ amongst themselves.

    Take Great Britain as an example. There are at any rate three different languages there, They have fought amongst themselves dreadfully in the past, there are to be found the traces of different seeds & bloods and races. If you say that inspite of it all they are a nation because they possess a common country, a common languages, a common culture and common Holyland then the Hindus too possess a common country so well marked out as Hindusthan, a common language the Sanskrit. By ‘Anuloma’ and ‘Pratiloma’ marriages their seed and blood continued to get commingled even since the days of Manu. Their social festivals and cultural forms are not less common than those we find in England. They possess a common Holyland. The Vedic Rishis are their common pride. Their heroes Shriram and Shrikrishna, Shivaji and Pratap, Guru Govind and Banda are a source of common inspiration. Their prophets Buddha & Mahaveer, are held in common esteem.

    Remember ! Their ancient and modern history is common. They have friends and enemies in common. They have faced common dangers and won victories in common. One in national glory and one in national disasters, one in national hope and one in national despairs and Hindus are welded together during aeons of a common life and a common habitat.

    If the United States with the Warring Crowds of Negroes, Germans and Anglo-saxons with a common past not exceeding four or five centuries put together can be called a nation – then the Hindus must be entitled to be recognised as a nation par excellence.

    Verily the Hindus as a people differ most markedly from any other people in the world than they differ amongst themselves. The oneness of the Hindus was proved in a negative way at the time of partition of India on theocratic basis. One who received a muslim dagger was invariably a Hindu. The Muslims while attacking Kafirs made no distinction between a touchable and nontouchable,a Brahmin and a nonbrahmin,a Kshtriya or a Vaishya.When Hindus came together in the graveyard after death,they are certainly a nation while alive.

    And whatsoever differences divide the Hindus amongst themselves are rapidly disappearing owing to their awakening of national consciousness and the Sanghatan & Social reforms. So say with pride “Hindus we are & love to remain so !”

    Indian Hindu supports NEPALI PEOPLE NOT Madheshi PAKISTANI

  • 61. Bibhu Sharma  |  August 11, 2008 at 4:13 pm

    Hello Mr.Royal Ghost Goit,
    Why are you not realizing that the royal family of Nepal is itselt of madhesi origin. Prithvi Narayan Shah married madhesi women so his son Pratap singh is half madhesi. Pratap singh married rajendralaxmi who was madhesi. Thus his son rana bahadur is half madhesi. rana bahadur married tirahutiya brahmin widow. Therefore his son Girvanyoudhha is also madhesi. Before them also the marriage between madhesi and shah had been taking place. Same is the history with the Ranas who were the major marriage partner for shah. This way the royal family can be conclusively classified as half madhesi. They are not khas. They are half magar. This can provide information to all the blindfolded madhesi. Every one madhesi here is right. They are really exploited. Initially by the royal rulers and their people and now by this rising madhesi leaders. Why are not people understanding that we the proud pahades want to join hand with madhesi. We want to discard the sense of difference. But these leaders for their popularity and selfishness tend to shape the mind of people of madhes for dividing this nation. This is a warning to all the people who wants to divide this nation. Be aware. Either you keep your mouth shut or we the proud Nepalese would SHUT THEM UP. Any one divides this nation we divide their body parts. Understand MR. GOIT. LITTLE KNOWLEDGE IS lS ALWAYS DANGEROUS

  • 62. himu bengali  |  September 8, 2008 at 9:03 pm

    Oh people of TERAI,

  • 63. himu bengali  |  September 9, 2008 at 8:39 pm


  • 64. BANGAISWAR BANGALI  |  September 9, 2008 at 9:03 pm

    I support Mr.Himu
    VIVEK is not religious Hindu. But he want to try using Hinduism against “””FREE TERAI STATE MOVEMENT””

  • 65. RAJA TARAISTANI  |  September 11, 2008 at 4:44 pm

    OH TARAISTANI ( People of Tarai)




  • 66. jay prakash  |  September 24, 2008 at 6:45 am

    hum madheshi pahadi shoshan ki badla lenge ek ek hisab lenge jay madhesh

  • 67. Hindu Sena  |  September 28, 2008 at 3:58 am

    When Muslim Mugols attacked Janakpur, Morang , Lumbini and other Hindu sites it was not Madheshi Hindus but Limbus and Magar Hindus who defended Hindu territory in the face of Islamic Mogols. During that time Madheshis did not protect Dharma. Limbus and Magars are not Buddhist but Hindus with Tantric influence.

  • 68. Hindu Union Himanchu  |  September 28, 2008 at 4:04 am

    Population of Madheshi is 32 percent with Tharus ,Madheshis and Rajbansis. If Tharu and Raj Bansi are out then it is 12 percent of Nepali population. If Dalit population are minused then Madheshi poplation is just 6 percent. Separate Madhesh for 6 percent Madheshi? What a joke.

  • 69. Reshab Dixit  |  October 2, 2008 at 4:00 pm

    hindu student front against Madheshis to divide Hindu Nepal

  • 70. Raguvir Singh  |  October 4, 2008 at 10:28 am

    Hindu Dharma par Huwae prahar par aur Hindu Dharma ke Gaddar Madheshi samudaya birudh hum Bihar ke Bumihar samudaya Badala lenge

  • 71. Raguvir Singh  |  October 4, 2008 at 10:29 am

    Hindu Dharam ke Gaddar Madesi or Tarai basi har. Jai Hind Jai Bihar. Jai Bumihar barna.

  • 72. Sujit Kumar Thakur  |  October 4, 2008 at 2:15 pm

    Who the hell is this stupid Raguvir Singh? What Revenge are you talking about? First go and correct your own home where everything is bleeding right from infrastructure to communal harmony.

  • 73. Raguvir Singh  |  October 4, 2008 at 3:14 pm

    Sujit Kumar Sir. I am a Hindu from Bihar where you Madheshis claim to have your origin. In that sense being a Bihari I am father of every Madheshi. Your Madheshi militant lives in Bihar and kills Hindus of Nepal. We will take revenge for every Hindu unity broken for every Hindu blood spilled. Jai Bihar Jai Hindu Dharma. Madheshi Murdabad.

  • 74. Sujit Kumar Thakur  |  October 5, 2008 at 4:34 pm

    Dear Mr Raghuvir,

    This fight is not for religion and if you have understood it as a religion war then I really have sympathy for your wisdom .
    I do not support any kind of violence for anything whatsoever but by saying that, I want to make it very clear that I am not a coward.
    I know if you want to understand any problem with a pre-occupied mind then obviosly you will end up with a wrong conclusion. I do not know what have you understood from Hinduism. If you are trully a Hindu or of any religion, you should be very clear that none of the religion teaches hatredness.
    By saying that, you will take revenge I must say you are psychologically ill and you need a serious treatment as soon as possible as people like you are just a curse for humanity and brotherhood.

  • 75. nepali  |  October 5, 2008 at 6:36 pm

    hey bihari prasad dhoti(raghuvir singh or raughbir puchhar)…why dont u go n care for ur own country…who hell gave u the right to speak in our internal matter and say bad about our brothers living in terai….u indians are always doing something t make our country weak by all possible means u can so that u can exploit us….but now we all nepalese either pahade..or teraibasi(madhesi) or himali r aware of ur bad intension n will fight together to defend our country n unity..against ur expantionalist attitude….

  • 76. nepali  |  October 5, 2008 at 6:42 pm

    n one thing…it is not only peole from terai and madhesis being exploited from limited people in pahade…it is pahade from pahad like..damai..kami…so called lower cast people were exploited by handful of pahade castes like rana ,,,shah,, and so on….
    so it is time to get our right …right to be equal and free from the exploitation…so lets shake hands all people either pahade or madhesi or tharu or rjbansi or other cate who r exploited fo r our rights

    no teraibasi can get there right by hating pahadi..it was a system that made us exploited n we all neplse fought against it n get rid of it…now we r in transistional perriod n we must uarantee our right or future…

    long live our brotherhood n commual harmony and our country nepal

  • 77. Raguvir Singh  |  October 6, 2008 at 5:13 am

    You must be a Nepali Christian or Muslim or Osho. Anyway Hindus are Hindus wether from Pakistan, Bangaladesh, Sri Lanka or Nepal. Those who divide Hindus in name of ethnicity,regionalism and caste or nationality is an enemy of this religion.

  • 78. Raguvir Singh  |  October 6, 2008 at 5:19 am

    Sujit Kumar ji

    I respect fight for rights but not fight for division based on ethnicity. In name of ethnicity you are dividing Hindus which will help other religion to grow in Hindu soil. Sorry for being rude but please read Gita and then talk about Dharma Yudha. Madheshis are weakenig Hindu UNITY. Are you Hindu Mr Sujit? Do you care? or do you want another Pakistan in the heart of Hindu soil?

  • 79. Raguvir Singh  |  October 6, 2008 at 5:25 am


    Every Indian I meet always admires every Nepali for their honesty, bravary and intregity. They admire the Hindu culture of Nepal. Nepal is like dream land for every Indian Hindu. Maoist/Christain Nepali may call us Bihari or what not but we will help Nepali Hindu Mothers,Brothers, Sisters and friends to bring back their dignity of being a citizen of Hindu nations. I can’t speak about our government if that is what you mean by Indian. Don’t mix Indian with government of India.

  • 80. Sujit Kumar Thakur  |  October 6, 2008 at 2:57 pm

    Basically I do not care about creation of Pakistan or partition of India as it is internal matter of a sovereign country, India is in a position that has been created by its leadership. India was divided because of lack of vision from Indian Leadership at the time of Independence.
    Talking about Nepal, we do not want any third party interference in our matter, we are ably handling the situation and we will solve it at the earliest. There is no scope of communal violence as it frequently happens in India.
    Before you suggest me to read Gita, it would be better for you to read it and understand the eternal message it gives.
    As far as Dharm Yudh is concerned, I have never talked abt it rather I am talking about madhesi people’s right. I am up for the struggle to get the due right no matter what comes on the way.But mind you, I do not support and agree with Violent method.
    You are talking about Hinduism, yes I agree Hinduism is a great religion but how much do you practice the laws and paths shown by Hinduism? You are advocating for Hinduism but it seems you yourself are unaware of it.
    In Nepal, Madhesis are opressed for centuries and if they are up now for their right then there is nothing wrong in that, you should not be breaking your head in this matter.
    I believe if Hinduism is getting weaker as a religion then there is weakness in the Hindus themselves. The biased caste system, untouchability , social discriminations are some of the facts which are weakening Hinduism. First try to eradicate these shortcomings if you are truly concerned about Hinduism, make it inclusive then only it will grow stronger. Killing others will never yield you anything. or spilling hatredness will neither do any good to any community or religion.
    We in Nepal are struggling for rights of Madhesi but that doesn’t mean we want to kill pahades ….. We never support that. I will suggest you Mr singh to get into your own business rather than coming here and spilling hatredness.

  • 81. nepali  |  October 6, 2008 at 9:20 pm

    i agree with mr. thakur, we dont want any foreigneers to intervene in our internal matter in the name of color, race, ethinicity, religion , geographyy or any other. We nepalese will fight with that force altogether. i am a hindu from kathmandu valley but i still respect all religions…in my country may that be hinduism, buddhism, kirat, muslim or christainity….it is people like mr. singh who want to divide our country in the name of religion, caste, ethinicity..so beaware of conspiracies of these indians

  • 82. Raguvir Singh  |  October 7, 2008 at 2:27 am

    Sujit Thakur ji,

    Is the killing in Rautahat of 28 people or killing of 109 in Kapailbastu district an example of non-violent movement for Madheshi rights. Let Upendra Yadav speak against caste system, let him speak against Hindu relgion and you will find out that Madheshi Jana-Adhikar Forum will be Muslims Jana-Adhikar Forum. No one will vote for him except you and other secular beings. Gita says to fight against injustics and not to worry about the concequences.

  • 83. wellwisher  |  October 11, 2008 at 1:52 pm

    Hello Jawala ji, Goit ji and all other armed groups !!!!!!!!!

    My request to all armed groups is to abandon the violence.
    I am from Terai. I am a Madhesi. I support the cause of
    Madhesi, but I do not support killing of anybody either
    PAHADE or MADHESI. See our strugle is with the mindset
    of STATE. We have no enemity with common people of
    any origin.
    Please learn from peaceful method adopted by MJF and see
    they have achieved something for MADHESH during a small
    time period.
    Your cadres are not showing any political character. I have seen them snatching MOTORBOKE from commener(MADHESI/PAHADE). Because of such activity
    you are pushing Madhes to backward not forward.

  • 84. RAJA TARAISTANI  |  October 16, 2008 at 7:45 pm

    hum tarai people ek din taraistan banaenge. humara dil me deshmata ‘devi durga’ is taraistan.
    THARU,MADESI AND RAJBANSI are children of deshmata.

  • 85. sanaj  |  November 22, 2008 at 12:30 pm

    wow! so long did not even care to read it!!!

  • 86. indrajit  |  November 25, 2008 at 12:15 pm

    wat you talking about shah rules you dont know name of king who killed magar king of liglig you dont know Nepal history well how can you be Nepali …..you came to live here as beggers from India that our Prime minister gives you citizens for your votes . Our great Braves fought for this land do you know??? They save it from stolen ….

  • 87. LAL BABU SAH(mirchaiya bazar_arang.sirha)  |  January 9, 2009 at 7:55 am

    hello every body namskar

    i proud to be madeshi nepali

  • 88. Wellwisher  |  January 13, 2009 at 10:12 am

    The govt may be in problems to gather JTMM_A…………………………….to………………………JTMM_Z.
    How to hold talk with all of them. Its a big problem.

    The main PROBLEM of Madhesi is they cannot stand united

    See Each Member of SADBHAWANA party is running differnt party,
    I think there are 3-4 Sadbhawana party. Then we have MJF, TMDP,……………………………then JTMM_A………………….to JTMM_Z. Neither non-armed are united nor armed groups
    are united. If they get united then it is good for them as well as
    Govt to hold talks. Worst thing is alll these JTMM are terrorizing
    innocent people mostly Madhesi. That means they are not for Madhesi. They are simply looting and killing in the name of Madhesi.
    I am a madhesi. I support the legitimate demands, but condemn
    killing and looting of innocent people.

  • 89. k  |  May 12, 2009 at 6:02 am

    I hope Nepal will get a test of what it was helping neps who were not bhutanese to create trouble in bhutan. if what it supports is right. please charity start aty home let madhesi r take ove kathmandu first. then come and insist on repatriation of nepalese who were settled in camps as the source of forex for nepal and subject of evading domestic politicking.

  • 90. Roshan kumar jha gaur Rautahat,ksl,llb1st year  |  May 26, 2009 at 5:26 am

    The Madhesh is also known as the Terrai in Nepal and it is located in the Southern district of Nepal.

    Individuals living in the Madhesh in Nepal are commonly known as the Madhesi people. Estimates suggest that the Madhesi people constitute between 35 and 50% of the overall population of Nepal and that the actual Madhesh area itself constitutes nearly 20% of the land space in Nepal.

    Madhesh is commonly believed to have been the Kingdom of the legendary King Janak and as such, the Madhesi people are believed to be part of the oldest culture in Nepal.

    There is considerable condemnation aimed at the Nepal government that they have done very little to protect both the Madhesi people and the Madhesi culture. It is argued by the government and the King of Nepal that Nepal should consist of just ‘one’ people and hence, minority groups are not afforded any protection.

    In response to this, the Madhesi people formed the Madhesi Janadhikar Forum (MJF) (also known as Madhesi Peoples’ Rights Forum) demanding both autonomy and self-determination for its people.

    Unfortunately, the use of weapons and violence to try and secure the demands made by the Madhesi Janadhikar Forum in Nepal has resulted in a growing belief that the Madhesi Janadhikar Forum are nothing more than one of many other terrorist groups in Nepal.
    Examples of some of the complains levelled against the Madhesi Janadhikar Forum in Nepal are that members of the Madhesi Janadhikar Forum are insisting that any ‘hill’ people are expelled from the flat regions of the Madhesi terrain. They have also been accused of appalling acts of violence against unidentified groups – believed to consist primarily of Maoist activists.
    The truth to these accusations surrounding the Madhesi Janadhikar Forum in Nepal however, is not always clear cut and the allegations may only stem from the behaviour of a minority within the Madhesi Janadhikar Forum and hence not be supported by the broader community.

    Protests in the earlier part of March 2007 saw the deaths of almost 38 members of the Madhesi Janadhikar Forum and curfews to help control the violence were only recently lifted.

  • 91. shiva sharma  |  June 3, 2009 at 10:26 pm

    Please do not give the wrong history & create the misunderstanding between school book & your news….i am not happy…..with your…update,,,,,thanks

  • 92. G. Newah  |  July 16, 2009 at 12:25 pm

    It’s not only Madhesis who needed a visa to visit the Kathmandu Valley. The people of Kathmandu also needed a visa to enter Madhesh. Let’s not forget historical facts that are incovenient.

  • 93. Abadhes K  |  August 7, 2009 at 12:14 pm

    Long live Nepal
    Long live Terai
    Long live Free Kashmir
    Long live Free Assam
    Long live Kalistan
    Sweep Bihar by Koshi

  • 94. yuyen,bahrain  |  August 28, 2009 at 8:31 am

    Is anybody out there to deliver “UN publication ST/DPI/SERA/73/Rev.1, page 8, 1 April, 1957” in this forum -I;d be very greateful to him/her. also I’d like to ask the blogger to publish it, so that everything will be clear-weather it is true or false.
    ………………..waiting for the: “UN publication ST/DPI/SERA/73/Rev.1, page 8, 1 April, 1957”

  • 95. yuyen,bahrain  |  August 28, 2009 at 9:01 am

    And going through this post, i conclude that Goit tried to show the picture of humiliation of people of terai is all right. the things he wants to show that terai should be the part of the india-by his word “old madesh” is very very UNACCEPTABLE. In the name of freedom of terai , his aptitute seems towards bihar”india”. so, he can’t be freedom fighter.He just trying to fragment terai and add it in bihar.Just try to understand the explanation he deed above . Beware ! all of we people………….
    before going to write any point just try to find the intention of tbe writter all of we- either people from terai or pahad or elsewhere.
    so called histoty-above is incomplete without the mentioning the of indigenious tharu’s socio-political roles and the writter seems to unware or just tried to hide it.
    Becouse, u know , he wants to show the role of immigrant “madhesis” only without the real land owner how can be complete the history of terai.
    all nonesense……………….,try to find the meaning ………….,u’ll get it.

  • 96. yuyen,bahrain  |  August 29, 2009 at 6:57 pm

    ani, nepali mamila ma bolne yi bengali haru ko ho???? get them and lock their mouth.

  • 97. sumit kumar yadav  |  October 21, 2009 at 4:00 pm

    jaikrishna goit jindabaad, it doesnt matter what people say keep on your work it is not a matter of hindus or muslim how half hindus of a hindu rastra enjoy full power and other half kept as slaves from centuries it is a matter of dignity and pride we should free ourselves by tooth and nail we have always been deprived of our rights we will no more live in ignorance so brothers raise arms and fight for our pride our dignity our feedom our motherland till the last drop of blood

  • 98. sumit kumar yadav  |  October 21, 2009 at 4:02 pm

    jai madhesh

  • 99. sumit kumar yadav  |  October 21, 2009 at 4:03 pm

    jai goit keep up ur work we are wiyh u always long live madhesh long live jay goit

  • 100. Anil  |  December 10, 2009 at 5:07 am

    we, madeshi did a lot for these PAHADI…they never respect us…all the time they exploited us…..nothingh to do with these PAHAI…….we have to think about ourself……we have to be united and fight for our rights. We, madeshi can not live together with these BAHUN< CHHETRI AND SHARKI.

  • 101. Nirmal Chaudhary  |  January 1, 2010 at 4:03 pm

    If you pride of being Terain, Follow BUDDHISM.

    No any other religion can best represent Terai better than Buddhism.

  • 102. birendra  |  February 27, 2010 at 12:55 pm

    this article is a cheap propaganda to divide terai brthers and sisters frm nepal…it cant be denied that terai people ahve been cheated..all along ..but its same with many other ethnic grps as well…
    ….well to ask autonomy to develop terai is fine…but the article is trying to show disgust against people in hills….terai people are being killed and murdered by indian criminals….not hillys…
    …..stop spreading hate between pahaadis and madhesis…..
    ….we should fight against the one man,one caste,one language rule of present nepal…and not spread hate among dofferent people living in nepal…

  • 103. tandan  |  April 3, 2010 at 5:30 am

    who is this writer? i think he is not a patriotic person. the last name shows that his grandparents were indians and after getting citizenship from citizenship act, 2063 he is barking. how the shah rulers dominated terai? on which base is he saying that? he is a dut of inadia. and such people must be hanged killed and brutally make into pieces. nepal is falling due to presence of such persons. you madhesi slogan should all be hanged till death.

  • 104. satendra  |  April 17, 2010 at 6:14 pm


  • 105. Pradip Singha Roy  |  May 1, 2010 at 7:50 pm

    this Nepali Gurkha s are hatching a plot to create greater Nepal .their plan is to create a Gurkha land in India first and then joined with Nepal. they are not the civil people. In Bhutan, Assam and Meghalaya they wanted to create disturbances in the past and the result is known to every one, they had to fled from that area.
    Be patient, they will have to go from terrain and Darjeeling also .
    Go through the British documents like An Account of The Kingdom of Nepal, by Francis Buchanan Hamilton, William Kirkpatrick’s report etc you will find the picture of heinous crime of the Gurkha

  • 106. RANJESH  |  May 9, 2010 at 4:30 pm


    We should know our identy this is clear our idrnty,how we mathesi why we madhesi. we have to fight for our all right to maintain our identy,

  • 107. RANJESH  |  May 9, 2010 at 4:33 pm


    We should know our identy this is clear our identy, how we
    mathesi why we madhesi. we have to fight for our all right to maintain our identy,

  • 108. ranjit yadav  |  October 3, 2010 at 10:53 am

    this is bullshit u all think u r a terain world is going in further u r trunning bact with past look future man.

    i hate ur feeling.

  • 109. Roshan kumar jha,Rautahat, Gaur,ksl  |  December 12, 2010 at 10:30 am

    Pahadis are fool to think that we Madheshis have forget our motherland , our culture and our social structure and accommodated in theirs because of their feudalistic power and threats under a controlled territory. Pahadis can not tolerate the fact of ties that Madheshis have to Mithilanchal of India. Besides they are always afraid of the future if whole the people of Mithilanchal comes and conquer the power in Nepal and they remain with nothing at all. But they must evaluate the consequences if that really does happen. And till now they have been successful to keep us under control knowing our weaknesses and fooling us in the name of Hinduism. They know Madheshis enjoy simple ,innocent and hard-working life with mutual understanding and brotherhood and thus they take advantage of our innocence and remain in power and utilizing all the resources that madheshis have (75% of revenue generated from terai and madheshi people) for their benefits alone. The reason they praise our valued Deepawali, Holi and chhat festival because they are well aware of our simple ,happy and brotherly life. Infact some kind of jeolosy is always there in their mind and they are aware that once we madheshis are given opportunity in state affairs we always tend to march above them politically and culturally.
    Roshan kumar jha
    Kathmandu school of Law, Bhaktapur
    LL.B 3rd year

  • 110. Naresh kumar sah  |  February 21, 2011 at 5:00 pm

    we feel very happy to see this update about our motherland(TERAI).
    this is a good identity of terai.it will describe our future and past.

    thankyou !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!.

  • 111. samuel  |  March 15, 2011 at 10:25 am

    fiction thought , Gohit is influenced by india to create long-lasting trouble in peaceful Nepal

  • 112. sudhir yadav  |  March 17, 2011 at 7:20 am


    Pahke thoda bahut pdh lijiye ki history kya he.tab kuch ding mariyega.

  • 113. Budhan  |  March 24, 2011 at 7:57 am

    भारतीय दलालहरू, how much salary do you get from india ?

  • 114. gaojun  |  May 1, 2011 at 10:21 am

    better you try to know your own histry before the tarai Tarai is belong to Tharu those who are nepali ,
    u all are new citizen of nepal,
    u all are Bihari from bihar, you all force nepali tharus displace from their motherland

  • 115. bijay shah  |  May 30, 2011 at 10:54 am

    All Nepalese should respect our MADHESI norms,value,attitude and culture otherwise we MADHESI will forget nepal

  • 116. ansari  |  September 19, 2011 at 11:20 am

    bijay shah , u r right if we not respecting madhesi than it can be blast as more than maiost . and madhesi should also do soo .

  • 117. Bijay kumar ray yadav  |  November 8, 2011 at 11:13 am

    Is really good information. Every madeshis people should read this.

  • 118. Ranjan sah  |  January 10, 2012 at 10:40 am

    nepali is an ethnicity not a nationality.nepali=pahadi=gorkhe.

  • 119. kamal  |  June 23, 2012 at 9:07 am

    good job

  • 120. Immigration Adviser in Ilford  |  March 24, 2013 at 12:24 pm

    I’m really enjoying the design and layout of your site. It’s a
    very easy on the eyes which makes it much more pleasant for me
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  • 121. Murari Prasad Baral, Megha Publication  |  December 8, 2013 at 3:02 am

    Dear Goitji
    For your kind information, in school level curriculum Nepal Government has included the history of Madesh (Simraungadh, Mithila, Tirhut) Please provide authentic documents to support your article (eg. Indian, British or Madheshi books or documents). So that every Nepali children would know the fact you are saying.

  • 122. BritishNepali  |  December 29, 2013 at 5:28 am

    The Tharu are the native people of the Terai. These ‘Madhesi’ people are illegal immigrants from Bihar in India they speak immigrant languages. Dalits, Bahuns, Chetris are NOT native Nepali they are illegal invader immigrants from India and of Indo-Aryan race. Only Tharu in the Terai and the Newar,Gurung, Magar, Rai, Limbu, Tamangs and Sherpa are REAL NATIVE NEPALI’S of the Mongoloid race. All the Indo-Aryans are just pretenders and frauds.who migrated from India. The ‘Madhesi’ are the same as the ‘Rohinga’ (aka illegal Bengali’s) in Burma. ‘Madhesi’ sided with the British East India company in the Anglo-Nepal war of 1812.
    I live in the UK and people here and all over the West know the real Nepali’s like the Gurkhas, Tenzing Norgay and the Sherpas and world famous fashion designer Prabal Gurung. If a ‘Madhesi’ claimed he was from Nepal he would be laughed at as some crazy Indian just like they laugh at Bahuns and Chetris who claim they are native Nepali’s.
    The World is not buying what your selling but keep trying like your ‘Rohinga’ brothers you have much in common.

  • 123. Muscle soreness  |  August 15, 2014 at 8:29 pm

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  • 133. JaiNepal  |  September 15, 2015 at 12:56 am

    You think your leaders are fighting for you. They barely care about people. All they care about is Power and Power only. You say you want rights. I think you guys have that already. Because you guys have become doctors, teacher, every damn thing. You guys put on clothes, have shelter and etc etc. So called Pahadis cannot develop without you and so called madhesi without pahadis. So cooperate because diversification brings new ideas and ideas change the world.

  • 134. Rahul Chaudhary  |  September 29, 2015 at 2:58 pm

    Think carefully, what is Madhesi. Nepal has only two part Pahad and Tarai. Nobody know about Madhesi. Identity of Madhesi(Tarai people) is Nepali. We all are Nepali. Without work nobody cannot get Roti, Kapada and Makan. Poor people never get benefit whatever happened. Only use for sacrifices, and take benefit only and only by some powerful persons. Except, Gorkha Poltan and Nepal Army, everywhere we can take benefits like business, teacher and other govt. jobs. These jobs(Gorkha Paltan and Nepal Army) are not a kind of luxury life. All the Nepal is full of mountain, tarai people go there and live for one week how difficult for living life in Pahad. There are many doctors, engineers, teachers etc. from Tarai(Madhesh). Everybody know Tarai is the best place of Nepal for living. So, we are living best place of Nepal. Then how can say Madheshis are neglected. But tarai people are tortured and neglected by their own feastful powerful tarai people. Population of Mahadi is decreasing day by day due to day by day calamity like mountain sliding, flood etc. They are migrated to India or else. Population of Nepal is less than 2.5 crore which is less than India’s two cities Delhi and Patna. Human creative life is upto Age 20 years. Why we are spoiling our children future due to adding such types of evil things. Teach them for TECHNOLOGY, PEACE and CREATIVITY. GOD MADE HUMAN FOR CREATION NOT FOR DESTROY. Today, all are work for unity of world. We are thinking for diversification of already small Nepal. Bunch of sticks is more powerful than separate sticks. Think and get solution together not by strike. NEPAL IS VERY SMALL, NOT SO POWERFUL, MOST DIFFICULT PLACE OF WORLD EVEN THEN WORLD KNOW ABOUT NEPAL, IN A POSITIVE WAY. THINK WHY ?????

  • 135. manisa  |  November 4, 2015 at 12:20 pm

    dear jk goait sir,it is a wonderful piece of article..it is gr8 that u went so well through the history of nepal n all the discriminations that have been made by the pahade to the madeshis….but do u realy think it wud be sensible to fight n divide our country into pieces just bcoz someone in the past did some mistakes that made some other people suffer…i m a pahadi,as u wud lik to call me..but sir i lov speaking maithali n i m learning it frm my frenz from terai…i lov eating bhusuwa n thekuwa n i take my visit to janakpur as one the most inspiring trips of my lyf bcoz of its rich culture and hospitality that people showd towards us…i hav more madesi frens that pahade frenz but i nver felt they were different to me…we al love nepal n r proud to b nepali..fighting against injustice is great but fighting with people who hav nthing to do wid the royal family or wid the so called jamidars is nt a good thing sir…i m a pahadi as i mentioned earlier too .,but we nver supressd anyone ,we also work evryday wid our sweat n blood to earn food…don’t we have the right to live in terai?should we be chased from terai?plzz sir, we love people frm terai the same way we love people frm pahad…i m a terai resident but my surname suggests i m a pahadi although i hav visited pahad only twice n lived in terai for 21 years ..i dont want to see blood n tears in my terai sir..its my request to all the people living in nepal to fightfor betterment n develpoment of nepal rather than pahad or terai…..jai madesh…..jai pahad….jai nepal…luv u my holy motherland

  • 136. raman  |  June 10, 2016 at 8:34 am

    manisa g tapai ko surname ma k xa ra tapai lai pahadi vaninxa ra hamro surname ma k xa ra hamilai madhesi vaninxa. tapai 21 yr tarai ma basera aafno astitwa khojdai hunuhunxa vane hami ta yas vumi ma pahila dekhi nai basdai aaeka xaun . hamro pahichan yha ko bhumi sanga jodieko xa ra aafno pahichan ko astitwa matrai jogauna khojeko ho na ki pahade madhesee lai judhauna . manav hunuko sarthakta taba thaharinxa jaba tapai aafno astitwa ko rakhsha garna saknuhunxa ra hamile tyati matrai garna khojeko ho. madhesee lai usko itihaas bare bataunu kunai pani tarikale galat maanu hunna.

  • 137. DEEPAK MANDAL K  |  December 4, 2016 at 7:52 pm

    Thats All we know about the nepalese rulers ….Autocratic tyranny…Be Nepali …You will be Madheshi …At LeasT …Fight for your Right In Nepal …Fight for your existence in Nepal … But Do Not Fight For seperation …Because in this age it has been very deeply linked up Bond in all Nepalese …No matter wheather they are madheshi or Pahadi …we all are the same …we all are Suffering … DEEPAK MANDAL K

  • 138. Raman Paneru  |  March 28, 2017 at 6:48 pm

    एकदमै भ्रामक र उत्तेजक किसिमकाे लेख रहेछ ।
    १. पृथ्वीनारायण शाहकाे पूर्वजकाे बारेमा धेरै भनार्इ छन् । इमानसिंह चेमजाेङले लेखेकाे किराती संस्कृति तथा इतिहासमा उनलार्इ किराती स्थापित गरिएकाे छ । खान भनेका जंगिज खानका वंश थिए र राव नै पछि राइ भएका हुन भन्ने खालकाे तर्कहरू धेरै पढ्न पाइन्छ ।
    २. माेरङ किरातीहरूले स्थापना गरेकाे राज्य हाे । पूर्वी तरार्इमा उनीहरूकै लामाे समयसम्म शासन थियाे ।
    ३. सेनवंशी पनि किरातीबाटै धर्म परिवर्तन गरेका भनेर मानिन्छ । त्यसैले तिनकाे दरबारमा देवान पदमा किरातीलार्इ राखिन्थ्याे ।
    ४. मकवानपुर त पृथ्वीनारायण शाहकाे शशुराली हाे । एक हिसाबले सेन र शाहहरूबीच पारिवारिक साइनाे छ ।
    ५. माेरङबाट सेन वंशी राजालार्इ अाठ वर्ष अघि नै मारेर देवान बाट राजा भएका बुद्धिकर्ण रार्इकाे हातबाट माेरङ राज्य पृथ्वीनारायण शाहकाे पाेल्टामा गएकाे हाे न कि मधेसीहरूबाट ।
    ६. पश्चिमी तरार्इका कैलाली, कञ्चनपुर, बाँके र बर्दिया मात्रै अंग्रेजले फिर्ता गरेकाे भुभाग हाे न कि सम्पूर्ण तरार्इ ।
    ७. पृथ्वीनारायण पश्चात नेपाली दरबार भाइ भारदारकै झगडा र काटमारमै व्यस्त भयाे । त्यसैले मधेस दमनका धेरै कुराहरू कपाेलकल्पित हुन् । झन् राणाशासनमा त राजतन्त्र नामकाे मात्रै थियाे भन्ने कुरा कसैबाट लुकेकाे छैन ।
    ८. नेपाली भाषी भुटानी, सिक्किमेली, दार्जिङेली, अादिलार्इ सजिलै नागरिकता दिने भए त्यत्राे वर्ष नेपाली चलचित्र क्षेत्रमा काम गरेका गाेपाल भुटानी अनागरिक अवस्थामै मर्नु पर्दैन थियाे हाेला । तुलसी घिमिरेले पनि अझैसम्म नागरिकता पाएका छैनन् । त्यसैले भाषा जान्नेले नागरिकता पाउँछ भन्नु वाहियात हाे । अझै पनि झापाकाे सरणार्थी सिविरमा बाँकि रहेकालार्इ नेपाली नागरिकता दिन दबाब दिइँदा पनि सरकारले मानेकाे छैन । त्यसैले हवा कुरा गरेर मधेसी भड्काउने काम नगरेकै राम्राे ।
    ९. लेखमा धेरै कुरा उधृत गरिएकाे छ तर तिनकाे सहि किसिमले श्राेत खुलाएकाे छैन । त्यसरी त जे पनि लेख्न मिलिहाल्याे नि ।
    १०. भैय्या, धाेती, भेले, अादि शब्द खासमा भारतबाट व्यापारका शिलशिलामा नेपाल पसेका लागी प्रयाेग हुने शब्द हुन् । कालाे मान्छे देख्याे कि त्याे शब्द अन्यका लागी पनि प्रयाेग गरिन्छ । म पहाडी भएपनि मलार्इ काले, धाेती, थारू, राजेन्द्र महताे, अादि थुप्रै नाम दिइयाे । यसलार्इ यसरी नै बुझेकाे राम्राे ।
    हाे मधेसी दाजुभाइ शाेषित उत्पिडित छन् । तर बाजुराका पहाडी, हुम्ला अनि जुम्लाका पहाडि पनि शाेषित र उत्पिडित छन् । तरार्इ अन्नकाे भण्डार भए जस्तै हिमालमा पनि डलर वर्षन्छ । पर्यटकहरू हिमाल हेर्नै नेपाल अाउँछन् । पाहडी खाेला नालामा उत्पादित बिजुलीले तरार्इका घर उज्याला हुन्छन् । यार्शागुम्बा जस्ताे कराेडाैँ पर्ने जडिबुटि हिमाली भेगमै पाइन्छ । त्यसका अलावा स्याउ, सुन्ला, माैसमी, अालिबाेख्रा, नास्पाति, अारू, लगायतका फलफुल पहाडमै पल्छन् फुल्छन् । काेदाे, फापर, किनाेअा, जस्ता अत्याधिक पाेषण भएका बाली पनि पहाडमै फल्छन् । अनि यसरी विभाजन बढाउने कुरा गरेर कसरी देश अघि बढ्छ । तरार्इका अाँप पहाडिले खाउन्, पहाडका स्याउ मधेसीले चाखुन । दुबै क्षेत्रका सम्भावनाहरूबाट एकअर्का लाभान्वित हाेउन् । एककाे दुःखमा अर्काेले अाँशु पुछाेस् । यसाे गर्दा हुँदैन र ?

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    History of Terai in Nepal | Madhesi – United We Stand

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Celebration of 1,00,000

Madhesi Voice

United We Celebrate

People Celebrating faguwa (Holi), with the fun of music, quite popular among Terai people. Holi is celebrated each year on the eve of falgun purnima Faguwa (Holi) Celebration

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